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Intuition und Unbewusstes: Entscheidungen aus dem Bauch heraus

Reflexion auf ein vor Jahren erobertes Themengebiet:
Entscheidungen auf Basis unterbewußter Intelligenz

Sie werden es schnell merken:
Ich habe seiner Zeit das Buch von Gerd Gigerenzer gelesen und daraus einen wahren Kosmos zum Thema geschaffen. Ein Fan und Anhänger der Arbeiten des Hr. Gerd Gigerenzer bin ich natürlich immer noch 🙂

Denn ich war und bin zu tiefst davon überzeugt:

Weit über unsere bewußten und rationalen Erklärungen hinaus existieren umfassende und tiefgreifende Aspekte die uns Leiten und Führen!

Also, egal wie Sie es nennen ob Bauchgefühl, Herzenswahl oder einfach das Richtige im richtigen Moment intuitiv entschieden.

Es gibt da „etwas“ was weit über Faustregeln und erfassbare Logik hinaus geht.

„Wir wissen mehr, als wir zu sagen wissen.“
Michael Polanyi

Nehmen wir doch einfach das allseits beliebte und doch leidige Thema des Investierens und der „gekonnten“ Finanzanlage.
Ich habe hier bewußt solche Begriffe wie professionell oder Experte vermieden.
Denn eines ist hier besonders auffällig. Ob Vergessen oder Vertiefen, beides sind in diesem Feld gefährliche Handlungsweisen denn sie vernebeln beide die Wiedererkennung von Mustern und DAS soll ja bekanntlich das Um und Auf für treffsichere Entscheidungen in diesem Metier sein.

Doch hat der Mensch als Anleger wirklich eine rationale Vorgehensweise?
Trifft er tatsächlich auf Basis rationaler Eckdaten und den dahinter erkennbaren Erfolgsaussichten seine Entscheidungen?

Ich glaube denen die das behaupten kein Wort!

Wohl eher rechtfertigt der Verstand, also das hirnmäßige Denken, die Bauchgefühle der aus voller Überzeugung getroffenen und folgenschweren Entscheidungen.

Ich habe in meinem Leben schon so häufig einen Weg eingeschlagen, der weder dem Zeitgeist entsprach noch in meinem Umfeld als rational sinnvolle Entscheidung einzustufen war.

Und? Ich selbst?

Habe ich gründlich analysiert?
Ja habe ich!

Habe ich dann auch immer konsequent nach rationellen Kriterien und treffsicher entschieden?
Nein!

  • Was war passiert?
  • Was wirkte hier mit?

Ganz einfach:
Viel zu häufig vermischte sich das Faktenwissen mit einem entstehenden Grundgefühl und dieses wiederum wurde massiv von den Einflüssen aus dem persönlichen Umfeld verzerrt.

Und das soll dann die hohe Kunst der Entscheidungskraft sein?

Genau! So erging es mir bei dieser Erkenntnis auch!

„Das Herz hat seine Gründe, die der Verstand nicht kennt.“
Blaisse Pascal

Viele meiner  bis dahin stark „verfälschten“ Entscheidungen waren nicht nur halb so gut wie erwünscht sondern teilweise extrem irreführend für die eigene Situation.

Deshalb wurde hier auch massiv in Sachen Verfahren und Kommunikationspolitik nachgebessert 🙂

Ich habe mich also in der Zeit 2008 intensiv mit dem Entscheidungsfindung auseinander gesetzt und meine Lehren aus vielen kleinen, feinen aber auch großen Entscheidungen gezogen.

Sowohl die Literatur zum Thema als auch der tiefgehende Austausch mit Mentoren und Meinungsführern in meinem Umfeld half hier eine gewisse, evolvierte Fähigkeit und einen adaptiven Werkzeugkasten incl. Realitätscheck zu „installieren“.

Ich habe in dieser Zeit aus dem bis dato gelebten, relativ starr organisierten Entscheidungsbaum auf Basis der priorisierten Lebens- und Berufsziele ein weit weicheres Leitsystem entwickelt um folgende Aspekte zu berücksichtigen:

  • Entscheidungsgeschwindigkeit
  • Unabhängigkeit
  • Treffsicherheit
  • Gesamtkongruenz
  • Konfliktvermeidung

Das für mich geeignete Instrument fand ich in einer Kombination aus stringenter Priorisierungsmatrix in mehreren überlagernden Zyklen und Wertebereichen unterteilt die bei Bedarf in wenigen Minuten „befüllt“ war sobald ausreichend die Rahmenbedingungen wichtiger Entscheidungen recherchiert und inhaltlich aufbereitet waren.

Dieses nach Komplexität klingende Tool war und ist heute noch eines meiner schlagkräftigsten Basiswerkzeuge für viele wichtige Lebensbereiche:

  • Lebens- und Berufsthemen
  • Kalkulations- und Investitionsblöcke
  • Trend- und Zukunftsaspekte

Immer wenn es etwas über den alltäglichen Bereich hinaus tragendes zu entscheiden gibt kommt es zu einem Blitz-Review.
In wenigen Schritten aufbereitet und als Grundlage für mich unerlässlich.

Dieses wird dann, solange die Research- und Entscheidungsphase eben dauert gepflegt und herangezogen.

DANN wenn die Entscheidung gefällt werden muss durchlaufe ich in einem Minimalprozedere eine handvoll Schlüsselbewertungen.
Immer mindestens zweimal ab und an sogar mehrfach bis eben das Gefühl aufkommt „jetzt reicht es aber auch“.

Und dann?

Dann kommt die Magie:

Ich begründe in einem kurzen Absatz die Entscheidung. Manchmal ist es ein Satz, in manchen Fällen kommt es zu einem halbseitigen Dokument.

DAS ist dann die Grundlage für einen gesunden Schlaf 🙂

Kann ich ein Beispiel bringen?
Ja! Will ich aber nicht 🙂

Denn wie schon aus den Jahren 2003/4 und 2007/8 als Lehre gezogen:
Das geht niemanden außer mir ‚was an und einen Teufel werd ich tun nochmal die selben Fehler zu begehen!

Soviel ist sicher:
Ich bin schon lange kein Verfechter von öffentlicher Transparenz und Rechtfertigungsfanat mehr wenn es um eigene Gefühle und Entscheidungen geht.
Dafür bin ich schon viel zu selbständig und souverän geworden 🙂

Habe ich seither keine Fehler mehr gemacht? Oh doch!

Gab es keine Niederlagen mehr weil man Dinge falsch eingeschätzt hatte? Oh doch, das auch!

Na dann was hat es denn dann gebracht?

Hihi…gut, dass Sie das fragen.

Ergebnis: Ich bin keine Ratte im Labyrinth der Mächte mehr.

„Rationales Verhalten des Menschen wird durcheine Schere geformt, deren Klingen die Umwelten und die kognitiven Fähigkeiten des Handelnden sind.“
Herbert A. Simon

Woran mache ich es fest, dass der Weg ein neuer und ein guter geworden ist?

Nicht nur daran, dass viele der Rahmenbedingungen sich massiv verändert haben, sondern auch daran, dass diese nach meiner Maßgabe und zum Wohle meines gesamten Umfeldes geschehen sind.

Ich schließe an dieser Stelle noch mit einem pfiffigen Zitat und wünsche auch Ihnen viel Erfolg bei der Werdung und Findung in Sachen Entscheidung – Ihrer Entscheidungen!

„Ein Mann kann klein und dick und kahlköpfig sein – wenn er feurig ist, mögen ihn die Frauen.“
Mae West

Wie immer Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit!

Ihr Naturmensch

Heinz J. Hafner


Inspiriert und angelehnt an Gerd Gigerenzer’s „Bauchentscheidungen“,
erschienen und durchgearbeitet 2008
amazon.de/Bauchentscheidungen-Intelligenz-Unbewussten-Macht-Intuition/dp/3442155037

 

Simply Rational
Das Institut für Entscheidungen
simplyrational.de

SIMPLY RATIONAL – Das Institut für Entscheidung ist eine Ausgründung des Max-Planck-Instituts für Bildungsforschung, einer der weltweit führenden Forschungseinrichtungen auf dem Gebiet der Verhaltensforschung. Wir nutzen Wissen aus Psychologie, Verhaltens-ökonomie und Data Science, um Rahmenbedingungen für gute Entscheidungen zu schaffen und Organisationen messbar erfolgreicher zu machen

 

Mehr über Gerd Gigerenzer und dessen Wirken und Schaffen:
mpib-berlin.mpg.de/de/mitarbeiter/gerd-gigerenzer

Hier seine umfangreiche Publikationsliste

Bücher

Gigerenzer, G., Schlegel-Matthies, K., & Wagner, G. G. (2016). Digitale Welt und Gesundheit: eHealth und mHealth – Chancen und Risiken der Digitalisierung im Gesundheitsbereich (Veröffentlichungen des Sachverständigenrats für Verbraucherfragen). Berlin: Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Simply rational: Decision making in the real world. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bauer, T. K., Gigerenzer, G., & Krämer, W. (2014). Warum dick nicht doof macht und Genmais nicht tötet: Über Risiken und Nebenwirkungen der Unstatistik. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag.
(e-book: www.campus.de)
(Special edition: Wahr oder wahrscheinlich: Über Risiken und Nebenwirkungen der Unstatistik. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 2015)
(Korean translation: Ulysses Publishing, in press)
(Reprinted 2016 Goldmann Verlag.)

Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Risk savvy: How to make good decisions. New York: Viking.
(German translation: Risiko: Wie man die richtigen Entscheidungen trifft. Bertelsmann, 2013)
(ZEIT Edition „Das Wissen der Welt“, 2016, Special Edition)
(UK edition: Penguin/Allen Lane, 2014)
(Chinese translation: CITIC, 2015)
(Taiwanese translation [complex Chinese]: Business Weekly Publications, in press)
(Japanese translation: Intershift, in press)
(Korean translation: Chungrim, 2014 and e-book)
(Italian translation: Imparare a rischiare: Come prendere decisioni giuste. Raffaelo Cortina, 2015)
(Finnish translation: Terra Cognita, 2015)
(Russian translation: Atticus, in press)
(BBS (Business Book Summaries) at EBSCO for US/Canada electronic summary)
(Chinese digital audio edition: CITIC, 2017)

Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., & the ABC Research Group (2012). Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., & Pachur, T. (Eds.). (2011). Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.001.0001
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Gigerenzer, G., & Muir Gray, J. A. (Eds.). (2011). Better doctors, better patients, better decisions : Envisioning health care 2020. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
(German translation: Bessere Ärzte, bessere Patienten, bessere Medizin: Aufbruch in ein transparentes Gesundheitswesen. Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, 2013)
(Chapter 1 in part reprinted in Gesundheit & Gesellschaft, 2013, 3, 34-39)

Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Rationality for mortals: How people cope with uncertainty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(Korean translation: Books 21 Publishing Group)
(Slovak translation: Publishing House VEDA)

Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Gut feelings: The intelligence of the unconscious. New York: Viking Press.
International editions
(audio book: Tantor Media, 2007)
(UK edition: Penguin/Allen Lane, 2007)
(German translation: Bauchentscheidungen: Die Intelligenz des Unbewussten und die Macht der Intuition. München: Bertelsmann, 2007)
(Dutch translation: De kracht van je intuitie. Kosmos, 2007)
(ebook: Kindle edition, 2008)
(Spanish translation: Decisiones instintivas: La inteligencia del inconsciente. Barcelona: Ariel, 2008)
(Croatian translation: Snaga intuicije: Inteligencija nesvjesnog. Algoritam, 2008)
(Italian translation: Decisioni intuitive. Raffaelo Cortina, 2009)
(Polish translation: Intuicja: Intelligencja nieswiadomosci. Prószinsky i S-ka, 2009)
(French translation: La genie de l’intuition. Editions Belfond, 2009)
(Korean translation: Chungrim)
(Brazilian edition: O poder da intuição: O inconsciente dita as melhores decisões. Rio de Janeiro: Best Seller, 2009)
(Turkish translation: BZD Publishers)
(Chinese translations: China Renmin University Press, 2009; Post Wave Publishing Co., 2015; Beijing United Publishing Co., 2016.)
(Taiwanese translation [complex Chinese]: Locus, Taiwan)
(Bulgarian translation: Iztok-Zapad)
(Romanian translation: Cuertea Veche)
(Portuguese translation: Gradiva)
(Japanese translation: Intershift, 2010)
(Excerpts reprinted in Wer wir sind und wie wir sein könnten, pp. 153-166, by R. Oehler, V. Bernius, & K.-H. Wellmann, Eds., 2008, Freiburg: Herder.)
(Chapter 6 reprinted in Kopf schlägt Bauch? Sind Emotionen ein Erfolgsfaktor?, by B. Felden, Ed., 2011, Berlin: Flying Kiwi Verlag.)
(Chapter 6 reprinted in The beauty of theory: Zur Ästhetik und Affektökonomie von Theorien, pp. 167-175, by J. Küpper, M. Rautzenberg, M. Schaub, & R. Strätling, Eds., 2013, Paderborn: Fink.)
(Excerpts reprinted in Aus den Elfenbeintürmen der Wissenschaft, pp. 187-226, by E. M. Neher, Ed., 2013, Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag.)
(Excerpts reprinted in Texte, Themen und Strukturen, by B. Schurf & A. Wagener, Eds., 2015, Berlin: Cornelsen Schulverlage.)

Gigerenzer, G., & Engel, C. (Eds.). (2006). Heuristics and the law. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Baumert, J., Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (Eds.). (2004). Stochastisches Denken [Stochastic thinking] [Themenheft]. Unterrichtswissenschaft, 32(1).

Kurz-Milcke, E., & Gigerenzer, G. (Eds.). (2004). Experts in science and society. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

Gigerenzer, G. (2002). Calculated risks: How to know when numbers deceive you. New York: Simon & Schuster.
International editions
(UK edition: Reckoning with risk: Learning to live with uncertainty. London: Penguin Books, 2002)
(Kindle edition 2003)
(German translation: Das Einmaleins der Skepsis: Über den richtigen Umgang mit Zahlen und Risiken. Berlin: Berlin-Verlag, 2002)
(Italian translation: Quando i numeri ingannano: Imparare a vivere con l’intercertezza. Milano: Raffaelo Cortina, 2003)
(Japanese translation: Hayakawa Publishers, 2003)
(Portuguese translation: Calcular o risco: Aprender a lidar com a incerteza. Lisboa: Gradiva, 2005)
(French translation: Penser le risqué: Apprendre a vivre dans l’incertitude. Editions Markus Haller)
(Korean translation: Sallim Publishing Co.)
(e-book: 2015)
(Excerpts from pp. 30-31 of Calculated Risk reprinted for Japanese preparatory schools, Blue Moon Ltd., Japan)
(Excerpts from p. 65 and p. 149 of Das Einmaleins der Skepsis reprinted in R. Männel & M. Heisterkamp (2017), Mathematik für das Berufskolleg I and II in Baden-Württemberg. Bildungsverlag EINS)

Gigerenzer, G., & Selten, R. (Eds.). (2001). Bounded rationality: The adaptive toolbox. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Adaptive thinking: Rationality in the real world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(Chinese translation: Shanghai Educational Publishing House, 2006)

Gigerenzer, G., Todd, P. M., & the ABC Research Group (1999). Simple heuristics that make us smart. New York: Oxford University Press.
(Chinese translation: East China Normal University Press, 2002)
(Romanian translation: Publica, Bucharest, in press)
(Polish translation: CDW, in press)

Hell, W., Fiedler, K., & Gigerenzer, G. (Eds.) (1993). Kognitive Täuschungen: Fehl-Leistungen und Mechanismen des Urteilens, Denkens und Erinnerns. Heidelberg: Spektrum, Akademischer Verlag.

Gigerenzer, G., Swijtink, Z., Porter T., Daston, L., Beatty, J., & Krueger, L. (1989). The empire of chance: How probability changed science and everyday life. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
International editions
(German translation: Das Reich des Zufalls. Heidelberg: Spektrum, Akademischer Verlag, 1999)
(Excerpts translated into French in Risques, 3, 51-58)

Gigerenzer, G., & Murray, D. J. (1987). Cognition as intuitive statistics. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
(Reissued in the Psychology Revivals Programme, Routledge Paperbacks, honoring the most influential scholars in the last 120 years)

Krüger, L., Gigerenzer, G., & Morgan, M. S. (Eds.). (1987). The probabilistic revolution: Vol. 2. Ideas in the sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
(2nd ed. 1989)

Gigerenzer, G. (1981). Messung und Modellbildung in der Psychologie [Measurement and modeling in psychology] (Uni-Taschenbücher No. 1047). München: Reinhardt.

Artikel and Buchkapitel

in press

Gigerenzer, G. (in press). First health insurance provider develops fact boxes for patients and doctors. BMJ.

Gigerenzer, G. (in press). Introduction. In A. F. Hannawa, A. W. Wu, & R. S. Juhasz, New horizons in patient safety: Understanding communication. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Gigerenzer, G. (in press). A theory integration program. Decision.

Gigerenzer, G. (in press). Visual illusions and ecological rationality. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Nordli, S., Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (in press). Ecological rationality needs no all-seeing eye. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

2017

Donner-Banzhoff, N., Seidel, J., Sikeler, A. M., Bösner, S., Vogelmeier, M., Westram, A., Feufel, M., Gaissmaier, W., Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2017). The phenomenology of the diagnostic process: A primary-care based survey. Medical Decision Making, 37, 27-34. doi:10.1177/0272989X16653401
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Fleischhut, N., Meder, B., & Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Moral hindsight. Experimental Psychology, 64, 110-123. doi:10.1027/1618-3169/a000353
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Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Can search engine data save lives from pancreatic cancer? BMJ.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Digital risk literacy: Technology needs users who can control it. Scientific American, February 25, 2017. Retrieved from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/will-democracy-survive-big-data-and-artificial-intelligence/
(Is part of Helbing, D., Frey, B. S., Gigerenzer, G., Hafen, E., Hagner, M., Hofstetter, Y., van den Hoven, J., Zicari, R. V., & Zwitter, A.: Will democracy survive Big Data and Artificial Intelligence? Scientific American, February 25, 2017)
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Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Living in terror of terrorism. In J. Brockman (Ed.), Know this: Today’s most interesting and important scientific ideas, discoveries, and developments (pp. 348-349). New York: Harper Perennial.

Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Risikokompetenz: Wie trifft man gute Entscheidungen? In K. M. Einhäupl (Ed.), Medizin 4.0: Zur Zukunft der Medizin in der digitalisierten Welt. IV. Interdisziplinärer Kongress Berlin 2016 mit der Heinz Nixdorf-Stiftung – gemeinsam mit der Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin (pp. 271-278). Berlin: Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Stiftung.

Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Technik braucht Menschen, die sie beherrschen. In C. Könneker (Ed.), Unsere digitale Zukunft (pp. 33-36). Heidelberg: Springer.

Gigerenzer, G., & García-Retamero, R. (2017). Cassandra’s regret: The psychology of not wanting to know. Psychological Review, 124, 179-196. doi:10.1037/rev0000055
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Gigerenzer, G., & Gray, W. D. (2017). A simple heuristic successfully used by humans, animals, and machines: The story of the RAF and Luftwaffe, hawks and ducks, dogs and frisbees, baseball outfielders and sidewinder missiles – oh my! Topics in Cognitive Science, 9, 260-263. doi:10.1111/tops.12269
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Gigerenzer, G., & Kolpatzik, K. (2017). How new fact boxes are explaining medical risk to millions. BMJ, 357:j2460. doi:10.1136/bmj.j2460
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Helbing, D., Frey, B. S., Gigerenzer, G., Hafen, E., Hagner, M., Hofstetter, Y., van den Hoven, J., Zicari, R. V., & Zwitter, A. (2017). Digitale Demokratie statt Datendiktatur. In C. Könneker (Ed.), Unsere digitale Zukunft (pp. 3-21). Heidelberg: Springer.

Helbing, D., Frey, B. S., Gigerenzer, G., Hafen, E., Hagner, M., Hofstetter, Y., van den Hoven, J., Zicari, R. V., & Zwitter, A. (2017). Eine Strategie für das digitale Zeitalter. In C. Könneker (Ed.), Unsere digitale Zukunft (pp. 23-28). Heidelberg: Springer.

Hozo, I., Djulbegovic, B., Luan, S., Tsalatsanis, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (2017). Towards theory integration: Threshold model as a link between signal detection theory, fast-and-frugal trees and evidence accumulation theory. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 23, 49-65. doi:10.1111/jep.12490
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Mousavi, S., Gigerenzer, G., & Kheirandish, R. (2017). Rethinking behavioral economics through fast-and-frugal heuristics. In R. Frantz, S.-H. Chen, K. Dopfer, F. Heukelom, & S. Mousavi (Eds.), Routledge handbook of behavioral economics (pp. 280-296). London: Routledge.

2016

Arkes, H. R., Gigerenzer, G., & Hertwig, R. (2016). How bad is incoherence? Decision, 3, 20-39. doi:10.1037/dec0000043
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Artinger, F. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Adaptive heuristic pricing. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2016:13915. doi:10.5465/ambpp.2016.206

Berg, N., Biele, G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Consistent Bayesians are no more accurate than Non-Bayesians: Economists surveyed about PSA. Review of Behavioral Economics, 3, 189-219. doi:10.1561/105.00000034

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Entscheiden unter Unsicherheit. In F. Petermann, G. Gründer, M. A. Wirtz, & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch – Lexikon der Psychotherapie und Psychopharmakotherapie (p. 247). Bern: Hogrefe.

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Full disclosure about cancer screening: Time to change communication from dodgy persuasion to something straightforward. BMJ, 352:h6967. doi:10.1136/bmj.h6967
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Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Heuristik. In F. Petermann, G. Gründer, M. A. Wirtz, & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch – Lexikon der Psychotherapie und Psychopharmakotherapie (p. 380). Bern: Hogrefe.

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Introduction: Taking heuristics seriously. In A. Samson (Ed.), The behavioral economics guide 2016. Retrieved from www.behavioraleconomics.com/the-behavioral-economics-guide-2016/ (pp. V-XI). London: Behavioral Science Solutions.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Kognition. In F. Petermann, G. Gründer, M. A. Wirtz, & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch – Lexikon der Psychotherapie und Psychopharmakotherapie (pp. 463-464). Bern: Hogrefe.

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Ökonomie und menschliches Verhalten: Wie trifft man gute Entscheidungen? In M. Meyer (Eds.), Europa – im Spannungsfeld zwischen Ost und West (pp. 71-96). Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Rationality without optimization: Bounded rationality. In L. Macchi, M. Bagassi, & R. Viale (Eds.), Cognitive unconscious and human rationality (pp. 3-22). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Risikokompetenz. In F. Petermann, G. Gründer, M. A. Wirtz, & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch – Lexikon der Psychotherapie und Psychopharmakotherapie (p. 719). Bern: Hogrefe.

Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Towards a rational theory of heuristics. In R. Frantz & L. Marsh (Eds.), Minds, models, and milieux: Commemorating the centennial of the birth of Herbert Simon (pp. 34-59). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gigerenzer, G., Kuoni, J., Ritschard, R., Jenny, M., & Held, A. (2016). Was Ärzte wissen müssen: Die Kunst der Risikokommunikation. Hessisches Ärzteblatt, 77, 674-683.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Rebitschek, F. G. (2016). Informierte Patienten durch die Verbreitung von Faktenboxen. In Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (Ed.), Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, 2016. Munich: MPG. doi:10.17617/1.2O
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Gigerenzer, G., & Rebitschek, F. G. (2016). Das Jahrhundert des Patienten: Zum Umgang mit Risiken und Chancen. Zeitschrift für Allgemeinmedizin, 92(5), 213-219. doi:10.3238/zfa.2016.0213-0219

Hafenbrädl, S., Waeger, D., Marewski, J. N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2016). Applied decision making with fast-and-frugal heuristics. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 5, 215-231. doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2016.04.011
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McDowell, M., Rebitschek, F. G., Gigerenzer, G., & Wegwarth, O. (2016). A simple tool for communicating the benefits and harms of health interventions: A guide for creating a fact box. MDM Policy & Practice, 1:2381468316665365. doi:10.1177/2381468316665365
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2015

Artinger, F., Petersen, M., Gigerenzer, G., & Weibler, J. (2015). Heuristics as adaptive decision strategies in management. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36, S33-S53. doi:10.1002/job.1950
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Brighton, H., & Gigerenzer, G. (2015). The bias bias. Journal of Business Research, 68, 1772-1784. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.01.061
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Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Computers: Impact on the social sciences. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences (Vol. 4, 2nd ed., pp. 515-518). Oxford: Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03202-5

Gigerenzer, G. (2015). In the lab of Gerd Gigerenzer. In R. J. Sternberg & K. Sternberg (Eds.), Cognitive psychology (7th ed., p. 455). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Gigerenzer, G. (2015). On the supposed evidence for libertarian paternalism. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 6, 361-383. doi:10.1007/s13164-015-0248-1
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Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Prozente führen in die Irre. Gesundheit und Gesellschaft: G + G, 18(2), 3.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Robodoctors. In J. Brockman (Ed.), What to think about machines that think (pp. 317-320). New York: Harper Perennial.

Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Statistical inference via statistical rituals. In J. Brockman (Ed.), This idea must die: Scientific theories that are blocking progress (pp. 523-526). New York: Harper Perennial.

Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Towards a paradigm shift in cancer screening: Informed citizens instead of greater participation. Germany aims to stop nudging the public on screening. BMJ, 350:h2175. doi:10.1136/bmj.h2175
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Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2015). Decision making: Nonrational theories. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences (Vol. 5, 2nd ed., pp. 911-916). Oxford: Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.26017-0

Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2015). Intuition und Führung: Wie gute Entscheidungen entstehen. In M. W. Fröse, S. Kaudela-Baum, & F. E. P. Dievernich (Eds.), Emotion und Intuition in Führung und Organisation (pp. 19-42). Wiesbaden: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-07796-9_2

Gigerenzer, G., Kuoni, J., & Ritschard, R. (2015). Was Ärzte wissen müssen. Swiss Medical Forum, 15(36), 787-793.
(French translation: Ce que les médecins doivent savoir, Forum Médical Suisse, 15(36), 2015, 787-793, www.medicalforum.ch/docs/smf/2015/36/fr/fms-02403.pdf)
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Gigerenzer, G., & Marewski, J. N. (2015). Surrogate science: The idol of a universal method for scientific inference. Journal of Management, 41, 421-440. doi:10.1177/0149206314547522
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Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (2015). Risikokompetenz in der Schule lernen. Lernen und Lernstörungen, 4, 91-98. doi:10.1024/2235-0977/a000098

Hoffrage, U., Krauss, S., Martignon, L., & Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Natural frequencies improve Bayesian reasoning in simple and complex inference tasks. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1473. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01473
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Mega, L. F., Gigerenzer, G., & Volz, K. G. (2015). Do intuitive and deliberate judgments rely on two distinct neural systems? A case study in face processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:456. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00456
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Neth, H., & Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Heuristics: Tools for an uncertain world. In R. Scott & S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 1-18). New York, NY: Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0394
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Prinz, R., Feufel, M. A., Gigerenzer, G., & Wegwarth, O. (2015). What counselors tell low-risk clients about HIV test performance. Current HIV Research, 13, 369-380. doi:10.2174/1570162X13666150511125200

Raab, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2015). The power of simplicity: A fast-and-frugal heuristics approach to performance science. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1672. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01672
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Wie Heuristiken unsere moralischen Entscheidungen beeinflussen [Interview mit Gerd Gigerenzer]. (2015). Zeitschrift für Didaktik der Philosophie und Ethik, 15, 41-45.

2014

Aikman, D., Galesic, M., Gigerenzer, G., Kapadia, S., Katsikopoulos, K., Kothiyal, A., Murphy, E., & Neumann, T. (2014). Taking uncertainty seriously: Simplicity versus complexity in financial regulation (Financial Stability Paper / Bank of England No. 28). London: Bank of England.
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Analytis, P. P., Moussaïd, M., Artinger, F., Kämmer, J. E., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). „Big data“ needs an analysis of decision processes [Open peer commentary]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 76-78. doi:10.1017/S0140525X13001659
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Anderson, B. L., Gigerenzer, G., Parker, S., & Schulkin, J. (2014). Statistical literacy in obstetricians and gynecologists. Journal for Healthcare Quality, 36, 5-17. doi:10.1111/j.1945-1474.2011.00194.x

Bodemer, N., Meder, B., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Communicating relative risk changes with baseline risk: Presentation format and numeracy matter. Medical Decision Making, 34, 615-626. doi:10.1177/0272989X14526305
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Drechsler, M., Katsikopoulos, K. V., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Axiomatizing bounded rationality: The priority heuristic. Theory and Decision, 77, 183-196. doi:10.1007/s11238-013-9393-0
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Fific, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Are two interviewers better than one? Journal of Business Research, 67, 1771-1779. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.03.003
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Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Breast cancer screening pamphlets mislead women: All women and women’s organisations should tear up the pink ribbons and campaign for honest information. BMJ, 348:g2636. doi:10.1136/bmj.g2636
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Gigerenzer, G. (2014). How I got started: Teaching physicians and judges risk literacy. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 612-614. doi:10.1002/acp.2980
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Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Should patients listen to how doctors frame messages? BMJ, 349:g7091. doi:10.1136/bmj.g7091
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Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Simple solutions for complex problems. In C. M. Flick (Ed.), Dealing with downturns: Strategies in uncertain times (pp. 135-145). Munich: Convoco Editions.

Gigerenzer, G., Galesic, M., & García-Retamero, R. (2014). Stereotypes about men’s and women’s intuitions: A study of two nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45, 62-81. doi:10.1177/0022022113487074
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Luan, S., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). From perception to preference and on to inference: An approach-avoidance analysis of thresholds. Psychological Review, 121, 501-525. doi:10.1037/a0037025
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Mata, J., Frank, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Symptom recognition of heart attack and stroke in nine European countries: A representative study. Health Expectations, 17, 376-387. doi:10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00764.x
(Reprinted in Transparent communication of health risks: Overcoming cultural differences, pp. 79-96, by R. Garcia-Retamero & M. Galesic, Eds., 2013, New York: Springer)
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Meder, B., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Statistical thinking: No one left behind. In E. J. Chernoff & B. Sriraman (Eds.), Probabilistic thinking: Presenting plural perspectives (Advances in Mathematics Education) (pp. 127-148). Dordrecht: Springer.

Mousavi, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Risk, uncertainty and heuristics. Journal of Business Research, 67, 1671-1678. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.02.013
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Neth, H., Meder, B., Kothiyal, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Homo Heuristicus in the financial world: From risk management to managing uncertainty. Journal of Risk Management in Financial Institutions, 7, 134-144.
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Volz, K. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). The brain is not „as-if“: Taking stock of the neuroscientific approach on decision making. In T. D. Papageorgiou, G. I. Christopoulos, & S. M. Smirnakis (Eds.), Advanced brain neuroimaging topics in health and disease: Methods and applications (Vol. 1, pp. 573-603). Rijeka, Croatia: Intech. doi:10.5772/58273
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Improving evidence-based practices through health literacy – in reply. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174, 1413-1414. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.846
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Wegwarth, O., Kurzenhäuser-Carstens, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Overcoming the knowledge-behavior gap: The effect of evidence-based HPV vaccination leaflets on understanding, intention, and actual vaccination decision. Vaccine, 32, 1388-1393. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.12.038
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Wobker, I., Kenning, P., Lehmann-Waffenschmidt, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). What do consumers know about the economy? A test of minimal economic knowledge in Germany. Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, 9, 231-242. doi:10.1007/s00003-014-0869-9
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2013

Chater, N., Fiedler, K., Gigerenzer, G., Klauer, K. C., Oaksford, M., & Stenning, K. (2013). New frameworks of rationality. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Cooperative minds: Social interaction and group dynamics. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 59-60). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Feufel, M. A., Antes, G., Steurer, J., Gigerenzer, G., Muir Gray, J. A., Mäkelä, M., Mulley Jr., A. G., Nelson, D. E., Schulkin, J., Schünemann, H., Wennberg, J. E., & Wild, C. (2013). Wie verbessern wir die Gesundheitsversorgung: durch bessere Systeme, bessere Patienten oder beides? In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Bessere Ärzte, bessere Patienten, bessere Medizin: Aufbruch in ein transparentes Gesundheitswesen (Strüngmann Forum Reports) (pp. 117-134). Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Fleischhut, N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Can simple heuristics explain moral inconsistencies? In R. Hertwig, U. Hoffrage, & the ABC Research Group, Simple heuristics in a social world (pp. 459-485). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Fleischhut, N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Psychologie der Erkenntnis und Rationalität. In T. Bonk (Ed.), Lexikon der Erkenntnistheorie (pp. 203-209). Darmstadt: WBG.

Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Wenn fehlinformierte Patienten versuchen, informierte Gesundheitsentscheidungen zu treffen. In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Bessere Ärzte, bessere Patienten, bessere Medizin: Aufbruch in ein transparentes Gesundheitswesen (Strüngmann Forum Reports) (pp. 29-44). Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

García-Retamero, R., Takezawa, M., Woike, J. K., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Social learning: A route to good cue orders. In R. Hertwig, U. Hoffrage, & the ABC Research Group, Simple heuristics in a social world (pp. 343-353). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Entscheiden unter Unsicherheit. In M. A. Wirtz & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (16. compl. rev. ed., pp. 457-458). Bern: Huber.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). HIV screening: Helping clinicians make sense of test results to patients. Natural frequencies foster insight and should become part of the training of every medical students and HIV counsellor. BMJ, 347:f5151. doi:10.1136/bmj.f5151
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Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Kognition. In M. A. Wirtz & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (16. compl. rev. ed., pp. 837-838). Bern: Huber.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Ökologische Rationalität. In M. A. Wirtz & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (16. compl. rev. ed., p. 1120). Bern: Huber.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Rationalität. In M. A. Wirtz & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (16. compl. rev. ed., pp. 1290-1291). Bern: Huber.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Risikokommunikation, kognitionspsychologische. In M. A. Wirtz & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (16. compl. rev. ed., p. 1335). Bern: Huber.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Risikokompetenz. In M. A. Wirtz & J. Strohmer (Eds.), Dorsch Lexikon der Psychologie (16. compl. rev. ed., pp. 1335-1336). Bern: Huber.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Risikokompetenz ist die beste Waffe gegen Krebs. In R. Oehler (Ed.), Gesundheit neu denken: Ein Lesebuch mit Anregungen und Anleitungen (pp. 293-302). Weinheim: Beltz.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Smart heuristics. In J. Brockman (Ed.), Thinking: The new science of decision-making, problem-solving, and prediction (pp. 39-54). New York: Harper Perennial.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Über Wahl: Ein Gespräch mit dem Psychologen und Risikospezialisten Gerd Gigerenzer. In Deutscher Hochschulverband (Ed.), Glanzlichter der Wissenschaft: Ein Almanach (pp. 47-52). Stuttgart: Lucius & Lucius.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Warum gute Intuitionen nicht logisch sein müssen. In J. Küpper, M. Rautzenberg, M. Schaub, & R. Strätling (Eds)., The Beauty of Theory: Zur Ästhetik und Affektökonomie von Theorien (pp. 167-175). Paderborn: Fink.

Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Was Ärzte wissen müssen. In R. Oehler (Ed.), Gesundheit neu denken: Ein Lesebuch mit Anregungen und Anleitungen (pp. 120-142). Weinheim: Beltz.

Gigerenzer, G., & Muir Gray, J. A. (2013). Aufbruch in das Jahrhundert des Patienten. In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Bessere Ärzte, bessere Patienten, bessere Medizin: Aufbruch in ein transparentes Gesundheitswesen (Strüngmann Forum Reports) (pp. 3-28). Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Gigerenzer, G., & Muir Gray, J. A. (2013). Aufbruch in das Jahrhundert des Patienten. In R. Oehler (Ed.), Gesundheit neu denken: Ein Lesebuch mit Anregungen und Anleitungen (pp. 105-109). Weinheim: Beltz.

Gigerenzer, G., & Wegwarth, O. (2013). Five year survival rates can mislead. BMJ, 346:f548. doi:10.1136/bmj.f548
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Katsikopoulos, K. V., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Behavioral operations management: A blind spot and a research program. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 49, 3-7. doi:10.1111/j.1745-493x.2012.03285.x
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Katsikopoulos, K. V., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Modeling decision heuristics. In J. D. Lee & A. Kirlik (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of cognitive engineering (pp. 490-500). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Keller, M., Gummerum, M., Canz, T., Gigerenzer, G., & Takezawa, M. (2013). The Is and Ought of sharing: The equality heuristic across the lifespan. In R. Hertwig, U. Hoffrage, & the ABC Research Group, Simple heuristics in a social world (pp. 171-195). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Marewski, J. N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Entscheiden. In W. Sarges (Ed.), Management-Diagnostik (4th, rev. and ext. ed., pp. 228-241). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Pachur, T., Hertwig, R., Gigerenzer, G., & Brandstätter, E. (2013). Testing process predictions of models of risky choice: A quantitative model comparison approach. Frontiers in Psychology, 4:646. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00646
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Mangelnde Statistikkompetenz bei Ärzten. In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Bessere Ärzte, bessere Patienten, bessere Medizin: Aufbruch in ein transparentes Gesundheitswesen (Strüngmann Forum Reports) (pp. 137-151). Berlin: Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Overdiagnosis and overtreatment: Evaluation of what physicians tell patients about screening harms. JAMA Internal Medicine, 173, 2086-2087. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.10363
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2013). Trust-your-doctor: A simple heuristic in need of a proper social environment. In R. Hertwig, U. Hoffrage, & the ABC Research Group, Simple heuristics in a social world (pp. 67-102). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Zhu, L., Gigerenzer, G., & Huangfu, G. (2013). Psychological traces of China’s socio-economic reforms in the ultimatum and dictator games. PLoS ONE, 8(8): e70769. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070769
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2012

Beier, H. M., Van den Daele, W., Diedrich, K., Dudenhausen, J. W., Felberbaum, R., Gigerenzer, G., Gille, G., Habenicht, U.-F., Hinderberger, P., Holzgreve, W., Ledger, W., Nieschlag, E., Ritzinger, P., Taupitz, J., & Te Velde, E. (2012). Medizinische und biologische Aspekte der Fertilität. In G. Stock, H. Bertram, A. Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, W. Holzgreve, M. Kohli, & U. M. Staudinger (Eds.), Zukunft mit Kindern: Fertilität und gesellschaftliche Entwicklung in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz (pp. 294-390). Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag.

Brighton, H. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Are rational actor models „rational“ outside small worlds? In K. Binmore & S. Okasha (Eds.), Evolution and rationality: Decisions, co-operation and strategic behaviour (pp. 84-109). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Brighton, H. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Homo heuristicus and the bias-variance dilemma. In J. Schulkin (Ed.), Action, perception and the brain: Adaptation and cephalic expression (pp. 68-91). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
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Brighton, H. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Homo heuristicus: Less-is-more effects in adaptive cognition. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 19, 6-16.
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Brighton, H. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). How heuristics handle uncertainty. In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 33-60). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). 9/11, Act II: A fine-grained analysis of regional variations in traffic fatalities in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks. Psychological Science, 23, 1449-1454. doi:10.1177/0956797612447804
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Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Das andere Ich. In C. Markschies & E. Osterkamp (Eds.), Vademekum der Inspirationsmittel (pp. 40-41). Göttingen: Wallstein.

Gigerenzer, G. (2012). In the lab of Gerd Gigerenzer. In R. J. Sternberg & K. Sternberg (Eds.), Cognitive psychology (6th ed., p. 503). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Risk literacy. In J. Brockman (Ed.), This will make you smarter: New scientific concepts to improve your thinking (pp. 259-261). New York: Harper Perennial.
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Gigerenzer, G., Dieckmann, A., & Gaissmaier, W. (2012). Efficient cognition through limited research. In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 241-273). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gigerenzer, G., Fiedler, K., & Olsson, H. (2012). Rethinking cognitive biases as environmental consequences. In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer, & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 80-110). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2012). Intuition und Führung: Wie gute Entscheidungen entstehen. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann-Stiftung.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Galesic, M. (2012). Why do single event probabilities confuse patients? Statements of frequency are better for communicating risk. BMJ, 344:e245. doi:10.1136/bmj.e245
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Gigerenzer, G., & Sturm, T. (2012). How (far) can rationality be naturalized? Synthese, 187, 243-268. doi:10.1007/s11229-011-0030-6
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Gigerenzer, G., & Todd, P. M. (2012). Ecological rationality: The normative study of heuristics. In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 487-497). New York: Oxford University Press.

Hicks, J. S., Burgman, M. A., Marewski, J. N., Fidler, F., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Decision making in a human population living sustainably. Conservation Biology, 26, 760-768. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01911.x
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Marewski, J. N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Heuristic decision making in medicine. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 14, 77-89.
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Monti, M., Boero, R., Berg, N., Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (2012). How do common investors behave? Information search and portfolio choice among bank customers and university students. Mind & Society, 11, 203-233. doi:10.1007/s11299-012-0109-x
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Monti, M., Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (2012). Le scelte di investimento: Strategie semplici e frugali per decisioni complesse [Investment choices: Simple and fast strategies for complex decisions]. Sistemi Intelligenti, 24, 201-226. doi:10.1422/37898

Osman, M., Meder, B., Gigerenzer, G., Chater, N., Read, D., & Neth, H. (2012). What can cognitive science say or learn about economic crises? In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Building bridges across cognitive sciences around the world: Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 48-49). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Pachur, T., Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., Schooler, L. J., & Goldstein, D. G. (2012). When is the recognition heuristic an adaptive tool? In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer, & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 113-143). New York: Oxford University Press.

Raab, M., Gula, B., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). The hot hand exists in volleyball and is used for allocation decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18, 81-94. doi:10.1037/a0025951
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). What is ecological rationality? In P. M. Todd, G. Gigerenzer, & the ABC Research Group, Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world (pp. 3-30). New York: Oxford University Press.

Volz, K. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Cognitive processes in decisions under risk are not the same as in decisions under uncertainty. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 6:105. doi:10.3389/fnins.2012.00105
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Wegwarth, O., Schwartz, L. M., Woloshin, S., Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Do physicians understand cancer screening statistics? A national survey of primary care physicians in the United States. Annals of Internal Medicine, 156, 340-349, W-92-W-94.
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2011

Brighton, H., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Towards competitive instead of biased testing of heuristics: A reply to Hilbig & Richter (2011). Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 197-205. doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2010.01124.x
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Feufel, M. A., Antes, G., Steurer, J., Gigerenzer, G., Muir Gray, J. A., Mäkelä, M., Mulley, A. G., Nelson, D. E., Schulkin, J., Schünemann, H., Wennberg, J. E., & Wild, C. (2011). What is needed for better health care: Better systems, better patients or both? In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Better doctors, better patients, better decisions: Envisioning health care 2020 (pp. 117-134). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). When misinformed patients try to make informed health decisions. In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Better doctors, better patients, better decisions: Envisioning healthcare 2020 (pp. 29-43). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

García-Retamero, R., Galesic, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Cómo favorecer la comprensión y la comunicación de los riesgos sobre la salud [Improving comprehension and communication of risks about health]. Psicothema, 23, 599-605.
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García-Retamero, R., Galesic, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Enhancing understanding and recall of quantitative information about medical risks: A cross-cultural comparison between Germany and Spain. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14, 218-226. doi:10.5209/rev_SJOP.2011.v14.n1.19
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Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Foreword. In H. M. Enzensberger, Fatal numbers: Why count on chance (Subway Line No. 3) (pp. 7-9). New York: Upper West Side Philosophers.

Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Outsourcing the mind. In J. Brockman (Ed.), Is the Internet changing the way you think? The net’s impact on our minds and future (pp. 147-149). New York: Harper Perennial.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Rationalität, Heuristiken und Evolution. In V. Gerhardt, K. Lucas, & G. Stock (Eds.), Evolution: Theorie, Formen und Konsequenzen eines Paradigmas in Natur, Technik und Kultur (pp. 195-206). Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2011). The science of heuristics: Decision-making in an uncertain world. In X. T. Wang & Y.-J. Su (Eds.), Thus spake evolutionary psychologists (pp. 181-187). Beijing, China: Peking University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Die Verlagerung des Geistes nach außen. In J. Brockman (Ed.), Wie hat das Internet Ihr Denken verändert? Die führenden Köpfe unserer Zeit über das digitale Dasein (pp. 213-215). Frankfurt am Main: Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag.

Gigerenzer, G. (2011). What are natural frequencies? Doctors need to find better ways to communicate risk to patients. BMJ, 343:d6386. doi:10.1136/bmj.d6386
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Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2011). Heuristic decision making. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 451-482. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-120709-145346
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Gigerenzer, G., & Goldstein, D. G. (2011). The recognition heuristic: A decade of research. Judgment and Decision Making, 6, 100-121.
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Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., & Pachur, T. (2011). Introduction. In G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur (Eds.), Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior (pp. XVII-XXIII). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Muir Gray, J. A. (2011). Launching the century of the patient. In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Better doctors, better patients, better decisions: Envisioning health care 2020 (pp. 3-28). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Sturm, T. (2011). ¿Herramientas=teorías=datos? Sobre cierta dinámica circular en la ciencia cognitiva [Tools=Theories=Data? On some circular dynamics in cognitive science]. Quaderns de Psicologia, 13, 35-61.
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). The beauty of simple models: Themes in recognition heuristic research. Judgment and Decision Making, 6, 392-395.
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Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Behavioral inconsistencies do not imply inconsistent strategies. Frontiers in Cognition, 2:292. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00292
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Kruglanski, A. W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Intuitive and deliberate judgments are based on common principles. Psychological Review, 118, 97-109. doi:10.1037/a0020762
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Kruglanski, A. W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). „Intuitive and deliberate judgments are based on common principles“: Correction to Kruglanski and Gigerenzer (2011). Psychological Review, 118, 522. doi:10.1037/a0023709
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Kurz-Milcke, E., Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (2011). Risiken durchschauen: Grafische und analoge Werkzeuge. Stochastik in der Schule, 31, 8-16.
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Luan, S., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). A signal-detection analysis of fast-and-frugal trees. Psychological Review, 118, 316-338. doi:10.1037/a0022684
(Reprinted in Decision, Supplementary Issue (2013), 24-55.)
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Mousavi, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Revisiting the „error“ in studies of cognitive errors. In D. A. Hofmann & M. Frese (Eds.), Errors in organizations (pp. 97-112). New York: Taylor & Francis.
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Neumeyer-Gromen, A., Bodemer, N., Müller, S. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Ermöglichen Medienberichte und Broschüren informierte Entscheidungen zur Gebärmutterhalskrebsprävention? [Do media reports and public brochures facilitate informed decision making about cervical cancer prevention?]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 54, 1197-1210. doi:10.1007/s00103-011-1347-5
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Neumeyer-Gromen, A., Bodemer, N., Müller, S. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Erratum zu: Ermöglichen Medienberichte und Broschüren informierte Entscheidungen zur Gebärmutterhalskrebsprävention? [Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 54(11), 2011, 1197-1210, doi:10.1007/s00103-011-1347-5]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 54, 1350. doi:10.1007/s00103-011-1384-0
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Pachur, T., Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., Schooler, L. J., & Goldstein, D. G. (2011). The recognition heuristic: A review of theory and tests. Frontiers in Cognitive Science, 2:147. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00147
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Wegwarth, O., Day, R. W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Decisions on pharmacogenomic tests in the USA and Germany. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 17, 228-235. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2010.01426.x
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Wegwarth, O., Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Deceiving numbers: Survival rates and their impact on doctors‘ risk communication. Medical Decision Making, 31, 386-394. doi:10.1177/0272989X10391469
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Nutzen und Risiken richtig verstehen. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 108, A568-A570.
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Risiken und Unsicherheiten richtig verstehen lernen. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 108, A448-A451.
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Statistical illiteracy in doctors. In G. Gigerenzer & J. A. Muir Gray (Eds.), Better doctors, better patients, better decisions: Envisioning health care 2020 (pp. 137-151). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Sterblichkeitsstatistik als valides Maß. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 108, A760-A762.
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). „There is nothing to worry about“: Gynecologists‘ counseling on mammography. Patient Education and Counseling, 84, 251-256. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2010.07.025
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Unnötige Ängste vermeiden. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 108, A943-A944.
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2010

Berg, N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). As-if behavioral economics: Neoclassical economics in disguise? History of Economic Ideas, 18, 133-165. doi:10.1400/140334
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Cokely, E. T., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Information use for decision making. In M. N. Maack & M. J. Bates (Eds.), Encyclopedia of library and information sciences (3rd ed., pp. 2727-2734). New York: Taylor & Francis.
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Feufel, M. A., Antes, G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Vom sicheren Umgang mit Unsicherheit: Was wir von der pandemischen Influenza (H1N1) 2009 lernen können. Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 53, 1283-1289. doi:10.1007/s00103-010-1165-1
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García-Retamero, R., Galesic, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Do icon arrays help reduce denominator neglect? Medical Decision Making, 30, 672-684. doi:10.1177/0272989X10369000
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Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Collective statistical illiteracy. Archives of Internal Medicine, 170, 468-469. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2009.515
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Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Moral satisficing: Rethinking moral behavior as bounded rationality. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2, 528-554. doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2010.01094.x
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 203-221, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
(Translated and reprinted as Moral Satisficing: Moralisches Verhalten als „Bounded Rationality“ in Moral, Wissenschaft und Wahrheit, pp. 223-262, by J. Nida-Rümelin, & J.-C. Heilinger, Eds., 2016, Berlin: De Gruyter)
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Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Personal reflections on theory and psychology. Theory & Psychology, 20, 733-743. doi:10.1177/0959354310378184
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Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Women’s perception of the benefit of breast cancer screening: Editorial. Maturitas, 67, 5-6. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.06.006
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Gigerenzer, G., Mata, J., & Frank, R. (2010). Response: [Re: Public knowledge of benefits of breast and prostate cancer screening in Europe]. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 102, 356-357. doi:10.1093/jnci/djp517
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Gigerenzer, G., Wegwarth, O., & Feufel, M. A. (2010). Misleading communication of risk. BMJ, 341:c4830, 791-792. doi:10.1136/bmj.c4830
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Katsikopoulos, K. V., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Decision structures on the basis of bounded rationality. In K. Lucas & P. Roosen (Eds.), Emergence, analysis and evolution of structures: Concepts and strategies across disciplines (pp. 214-226). Berlin: Springer.
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Good judgments do not require complex cognition. Cognitive Processing, 11, 103-121. doi:10.1007/s10339-009-0337-0
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). We favor formal models of heuristics rather than lists of loose dichotomies: A reply to Evans and Over. Cognitive Processing, 11, 177-179. doi:10.1007/s10339-009-0340-5
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). From recognition to decisions: Extending and testing recognition-based models for multialternative inference. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 287-309. doi:10.3758/PBR.17.3.287
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Marewski, J. N., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Five principles for studying people’s use of heuristics. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 42, 72-87. doi:10.3724/SP.J.1041.2010.00072
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2009

Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Risk communication. In M. W. Kattan (Ed.), Encyclopedia of medical decision making (Vol. 2, pp. 1006-1008). Los Angeles: Sage.
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Galesic, M., García-Retamero, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Using icon arrays to communicate medical risks: Overcoming low numeracy. Health Psychology, 28, 210-216. doi:10.1037/a0014474
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Galesic, M., Gigerenzer, G., & Straubinger, N. (2009). Natural frequencies help older adults and people with low numeracy to evaluate medical screening tests. Medical Decision Making, 29, 368-371. doi:10.1177/0272989X08329463
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García-Retamero, R., Takezawa, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Does imitation benefit cue order learning? Experimental Psychology, 56, 307-320. doi:10.1027/1618-3169.56.5.307
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 438-453, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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García-Retamero, R., Takezawa, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Incidencia del aprendizaje grupal en los procesos de adquisición de información. Psicothema, 21, 369-375.

Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Bounded rationality. In D. Sander & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), The Oxford companion to emotion and the affective sciences (pp. 79-80). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Making sense of health statistics. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 567. doi:10.2471/BLT.09.069872
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Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Randomized controlled trials and public policy: Comment. In C. Mantzavinos (Ed.), Philosophy of the social sciences: Philosophical theory and scientific practice (pp. 207-214). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Surrogates for theory. APS Observer, 22, 21-23.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Brighton, H. J. (2009). Homo heuristicus: Why biased minds make better inferences. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1, 107-143. doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2008.01006.x
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 2-27, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2009). Warum wir verständliche Informationen brauchen. Berliner Ärzte, 46(5), 3.
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Gigerenzer, G., Gaissmaier, W., Kurz-Milcke, E., Schwartz, L. M., & Woloshin, S. (2009). Glaub keiner Statistik, die du nicht verstanden hast. Gehirn & Geist, (10), 34-39.
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Gigerenzer, G., Gaissmaier, W., Kurz-Milcke, E., Schwartz, L. M., & Woloshin, S. (2009). Knowing your chances. Scientific American Mind, 20(2), 44-51. doi:10.1038/scientificamericanmind0409-44
(Reprinted and translated in Gehirn & Geist, 2009, and Gehirn & Geist: Basiswissen, 1/2013)
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Gigerenzer, G., Mata, J., & Frank, R. (2009). Public knowledge of benefits of breast and prostate cancer screening in Europe. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 101, 1216-1220. doi:10.1093/jnci/djp237
(Reprinted in Transparent communication of health risks: Overcoming cultural differences, pp. 67-78, by R. Garcia-Retamero & M. Galesic, Eds., 2013, New York: Springer)
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Gigerenzer, G., Mata, J., Frank, R., & Feufel, M. A. (2009). Wie informiert ist die Bevölkerung über den Nutzen der Krebsfrüherkennung? Europaweite Studie erfasst Kenntnisstand. Onkologie heute, 5, 8-10.
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Fast and frugal forecasting. International Journal of Forecasting, 25, 760-772. doi:10.1016/j.ijforecast.2009.05.010
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Do voters use episodic knowledge to rely on recognition? In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2232-2237). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Marewski, J. N., Galesic, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Fast and frugal media choices. In T. Hartmann (Ed.), Media choice: A theoretical and empirical overview (pp. 102-127). New York: Routledge.
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Monti, M., Martignon, L., Gigerenzer, G., & Berg, N. (2009). The impact of simplicity on financial decision-making. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1846-1851). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
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Steurer, J., Held, U., Schmidt, M., Gigerenzer, G., Tag, B., & Bachmann, L. M. (2009). Legal concerns trigger prostate-specific antigen testing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15, 390-392. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2008.01024.x
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Bounding rationality to the world. In N. Chater (Ed.), Judgement and decision making (Vol. 1, pp. 173-194). Los Angeles: Sage.

Wegwarth, O., Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). Smart strategies for doctors and doctors-in-training: Heuristics in medicine. Medical Education, 43, 721-728. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2009.03359.x
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2009). „Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen…:“ – Wie informiert sind Ärzte und Patienten? [„On risks and side effects…:“ How informed are doctors and patients?]. In N. Klusen, A. Fließgarten, & T. Nebling (Eds.), Informiert und selbstbestimmt: Der mündige Bürger als mündiger Patient (pp. 123-138). Baden Baden: Nomos-Verlagsgesellschaft.
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2008

Brandstätter, E., Gigerenzer, G., & Hertwig, R. (2008). Postscript: Rejoinder to Johnson et al. (2008) and Birnbaum (2008). Psychological Review, 115, 289-290.
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Brandstätter, E., Gigerenzer, G., & Hertwig, R. (2008). Risky choice with heuristics: Reply to Birnbaum (2008), Johnson, Schulte-Mecklenbeck, and Willemsen (2008) and Rieger and Wang (2008). Psychological Review, 115, 281-290.
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Brighton, H. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Bayesian brains and cognitive mechanisms: Harmony or dissonance? In N. Chater & M. Oaksford (Eds.), The probabilistic mind: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science (pp. 189-208). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Statistical illiteracy undermines informed shared decision making. Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen, 102, 411-413.
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García-Retamero, R., Takezawa, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Comunicación grupal y estrategias de toma de decisiones. Psicothema, 20, 753-759.

Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Intuición: La intelligencia del subconsciente. In E. Punset (Ed.), Por qué somos como somos (pp. 24-40). Madrid: Fundacion Banco Santander.

Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Moral intuition = fast and frugal heuristics? In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.), Moral psychology: Vol. 2. The cognitive science of morality: Intuition and diversity (pp. 1-26). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Reply to comments. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.), Moral psychology: Vol. 2. The cognitive science of morality: Intuition and diversity (pp. 41-46). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Ursachen gefühlter Risiken. In Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung (Ed.), Rechtfertigen „gefühlte“ Risiken staatliches Handeln? Festveranstaltung zum 5-jährigen Bestehen des Bundesinstitutes für Risikobewertung (BfR) vom 7. November 2007. Tagungsband (pp. 41-47). Berlin: Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Why heuristics work. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 20-29.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Wissenschaftler an einem Max-Planck-Institut. In K. Sternberg & M. Amelang (Eds.), Psychologen im Beruf: Anforderungen, Chancen und Perspektiven (pp. 229-234). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
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Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., Hoffrage, U., & Sedlmeier, P. (2008). Cognitive illusions reconsidered. In C. R. Plott & V. L. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results: Vol. 1 (Handbooks in Economics No. 28) (pp. 1018-1034). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
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Gigerenzer, G., Hoffrage, U., & Goldstein, D. G. (2008). Fast and frugal heuristics are plausible models of cognition: Reply to Dougherty, Franco-Watkins, and Thomas. Psychological Review, 115, 230-239.
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Gigerenzer, G., Hoffrage, U., & Goldstein, D. G. (2008). Postscript: Fast and frugal heuristics. Psychological Review, 115, 238-239.
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Gigerenzer, G., Martignon, L., Hoffrage, U., Rieskamp, J., Czerlinski, J., & Goldstein, D. G. (2008). One-reason decision making. In C. R. Plott & V. L. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results: Vol. 1 (Handbooks in Economics No. 28) (pp. 1004-1017). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Todd, P. M. (2008). Rationality the fast and frugal way: Introduction. In C. R. Plott & V. L. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results: Vol. 1 (Handbooks in Economics No. 28) (pp. 976-986). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Wegwarth, O. (2008). Risikoabschätzung in der Medizin am Beispiel der Krebsfrüherkennung [Medical risk assessment – Using the example of cancer screening]. Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen, 102, 513-519.
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). The recognition heuristic and the less-is-more effect. In C. R. Plott & V. L. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results: Vol. 1 (Handbooks in Economics No. 28) (pp. 987-992). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
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Katsikopoulos, K. V., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). One-reason decision-making: Modeling violations of expected utility theory. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 37, 35-56.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 186-200, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Kurz-Milcke, E., Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (2008). Transparency in risk communication: Graphical and analog tools. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1128, 18-28.
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McElreath, R., Boyd, R., Gigerenzer, G., Glöckner, A., Hammerstein, P., Kurzban, R., Magen, S., Richerson, P. J., Robson, A., Stevens, J. R. (2008). Individual decision making and the evolutionary roots of institutions. In C. Engel & W. Singer (Eds.), Better than conscious? Decision making, the human mind, and implications for institutions (pp. 325-342). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
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Ortmann, A., Gigerenzer, G., Borges, B., & Goldstein, D. G. (2008). The recognition heuristic: A fast and frugal way to investment choice? In C. R. Plott & V. L. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results: Vol. 1 (Handbooks in Economics No. 28) (pp. 993-1003). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
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Todd, P. M., Rieskamp, J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Social heuristics. In C. R. Plott & V. L. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results: Vol. 1 (Handbooks in Economics No. 28) (pp. 1035-1046). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). Die Bewertung von Risiken in der Medizin [Assessing risks in medicine]. In S. Meier, M. Stellpflug, & A. Tadayon (Eds.), Handbuch Medizinrecht [CD-ROM]. Heidelberg: Hüthig Jehle Rehm.

Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2008). A preference does not equate with understanding [Commentary on „Patients prefer pictures to numbers to express cardiovascular benefit from treatment“ by F. Goodyear-Smith et al., Annals of Family Medicine, 6, 213-217]. Annals of Family Medicine.
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2007

Bachmann, L. M., Gutzwiller, F. S., Puhan, M. A., Steurer, J., Steurer-Stey, C., & Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Do citizens have minimum medical knowledge? A survey. BMC Medicine, 5:14. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-5-14
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Berg, N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Psychology implies paternalism? Bounded rationality may reduce the rationale to regulate risk-taking. Social Choice and Welfare, 28, 337-359.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Bauchentscheidungen: Weniger ist (manchmal) mehr. In G. Gigerenzer, Bauchentscheidungen: Die Intelligenz des Unbewussten und die Macht der Intuition (pp. 29-48). München: Bertelsmann.
(Reprinted in Wer wir sind und wie wir sein könnten, pp. 153-166, by R. Oehler, V. Bernius & K. H. Wellmann, Eds., 2008, Freiburg: Herder)

Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Begrenzte Rationalität. In Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Ed.), Risiko: Streitgespräche in den Wissenschaftlichen Sitzungen der Versammlung der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften am 15. Dezember 2006 und am 22. Juni 2007 (Debatte No. 6) (pp. 105-111). Berlin: Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Helping physicians understand screening tests will improve health care. Observer, 20, 37-38.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Brighton, H. J. (2007). Can hunches be rational? Journal of Law, Economics & Policy, 4, 155-176.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2007). Die Angst nach dem Terror. MaxPlanckForschung, (2), 15-18.

Gigerenzer, G., Gaissmaier, W., Kurz-Milcke, E., Schwartz, L. M., & Woloshin, S. (2007). Helping doctors and patients make sense of health statistics. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 8, 53-96.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Hoffrage, U. (2007). The role of representation in Bayesian reasoning: Correcting common misconceptions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 264-267.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Sturm, T. (2007). Tools = theories = data? On some circular dynamics in cognitive science. In M. G. Ash & T. Sturm (Eds.), Psychology’s territories: Historical and contemporary perspectives form different disciplines (pp. 305-342). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
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Kurz-Milcke, E., & Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Heuristic decision making. Marketing: Journal of Research and Management, 3, 48-56.
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Environments that make us smart: Ecological rationality. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 167-171.
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Mechanisms of ecological rationality: Heuristics and environments that make us smart. In R. I. M. Dunbar & L. Barrett (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of evolutionary psychology (pp. 197-210). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Wegwarth, O., & Gigerenzer, G. (2007). Vom Risiko, Risiken zu kommunizieren [About the risk to communicate risk]. Therapeutische Umschau, 64, 687-692.

2006

Berg, N., & Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Peacemaking among inconsistent rationalities? Comment on Alex Kacelnik et al. In C. Engel & L. Daston (Eds.), Is there value in inconsistency? (Common goods: Law, politics and economics No. 15) (pp. 423-433). Baden-Baden: Nomos-Verlagsgesellschaft.

Brandstätter, E., Gigerenzer, G., & Hertwig, R. (2006). The priority heuristic: Making choices without trade-offs. Psychological Review, 113, 409-432.
(Reprinted in Judgement and decision making: Vol. 2. Internal decision making, pp. 180-226, by N. K. Chater, Ed., 2009, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage)
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 153-184, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Engel, C., & Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Law and heuristics: An interdisciplinary venture. In G. Gigerenzer & C. Engel (Eds.), Heuristics and the law (pp. 1-16). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Wie funktioniert Intuition? [How does intuition work?]. In E. H. Witte (Ed.), Evolutionäre Sozialpsychologie und automatische Prozesse: Beiträge des 21. Hamburger Symposions zur Methodologie der Sozialpsychologie (pp. 31-49). Lengerich: Pabst.

García-Retamero, R., Takezawa, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2006). How to learn good cue orders: When social learning benefits simple heuristics. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1352-1357). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Bounded and rational. In R. J. Stainton (Ed.), Contemporary debates in cognitive science (Contemporary Debates in Philosophy No. 7) (pp. 115-133). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
(Reprinted in Philosophy: Foundations and applications, pp. 233-258, by A. Beckermann, H. Tetens, & S. Walter, Eds., 2008, Paderborn: Mentis)
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Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Einfache Heuristiken für komplexe Entscheidungen [Simple heuristics for complex decisions]. In Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Ed.), Mathematisierung der Natur (Debatte No. 4) (pp. 37-44). Berlin.

Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Einfache Heuristiken für komplexe Entscheidungen [Simple heuristics for complex decisions]. In Jahrbuch 2005 der Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (Leopoldina: Reihe 3 No. 51) (pp. 337-343).

Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Follow the leader. Harvard Business Review, 84(2), 58-59.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Heuristics. In G. Gigerenzer & C. Engel (Eds.), Heuristics and the law (pp. 17-44). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Out of the frying pan into the fire: Behavioral reactions to terrorist attacks. Risk Analysis, 26, 347-351.
(Reprinted in Risk: Vol. 4: Consequences, debates, implications, pp. 95-101, by A. Burgess,Ed., 2017, London: Sage)
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Gigerenzer, G. (2006). What’s in a sample? A manual for building cognitive theories. In K. Fiedler & P. Juslin (Eds.), Information sampling and adaptive cognition (pp. 239-260). New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Dieckmann, A. (2006). Oblivious confusion. In R. Rapp, P. Sedlmeier, & G. Zunker-Rapp (Eds.), Perspectives on cognition: A Festschrift for Manfred Wettler (pp. 19-29). Lengerich: Pabst.

Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2006). Denken und Urteilen unter Unsicherheit: Kognitive Heuristiken [Thinking and deciding under uncertainty: Cognitive heuristics]. In J. Funke (Ed.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie: Vol. C, II, 8. Denken und Problemlösen (pp. 329-374). Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.

Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2006). Ironie des Terrors. Gehirn & Geist, 9, 14-16.
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Kysar, D. A., Ayton, P., Frank, R. H., Frey, B. S., Gigerenzer, G., Glimcher, P. W., Korobkin, R., Langevoort, D. C., & Magen, S. (2006). Group report: Are heuristics a problem or a solution? In G. Gigerenzer & C. Engel (Eds.), Heuristics and the law (pp. 102-140). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sturm, T., & Gigerenzer, G. (2006). How can we use the distinction between discovery and justification? On the weaknesses of the strong programme in the sociology of science. In J. Schickore & F. Steinle (Eds.), Revisiting discovery and justification: Historical and philosophical perspectives on the context distinction (Archimedes No. 14) (pp. 133-158). Dordrecht: Springer.

Volz, K. G., Schooler, L. J., Schubotz, R. I., Raab, M., Gigerenzer, G., & Cramon, D. Y. v. (2006). Why you think Milan is larger than Modena: Neural correlates of the recognition heuristic. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1924-1936.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 524-539, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Zhu, L., & Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Children can solve Bayesian problems: The role of representation in mental computation. Cognition, 98, 287-308.
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2005

Dieckmann, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Macht Halbwissen klug: Ist mehr Information immer besser? Berliner Ärzte, 42, 16-19.
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Elmore, J. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Benign breast disease – the risks of communicating risk. The New England Journal of Medicine, 353, 297-299.
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Elmore, J. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). The editorialists reply. The New England Journal of Medicine, 353, 1857-1858.
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Es ist viel besser, wenn beide Eltern bereit sind, Kompromisse zu machen [It’s much better when both parents are willing to make compromises] [Interview mit Lorraine Daston und Gerd Gigerenzer]. (2005). In N. Biller-Andorno, A.-K. Jokocljevic, K. Landfester, & M. A. Lee-Kirsch (Eds.), Karriere und Kind: Erfahrungsberichte von Wissenschaftlerinnen (pp. 92-102). Frankfurt/Main: Campus Verlag.
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Gaissmaier, W., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Receptive memory in judgment and decision making. In M.-L. Käsermann & A. Altorfer (Eds.), Über Lernen: Ein Gedankenaustausch (pp. 67-79). Bern: EditionSolo.

Gigerenzer, G. (2005). I think, therefore I err. Social Research, 72, 195-218.
(Reprinted in Psychologica, 2006, 93-110)
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Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Is the mind irrational or ecologically rational? In F. Parisi & V. L. Smith (Eds.), The law and economics of irrational behavior (pp. 37-67). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
(Chinese Translation: Peking University Press, in press)

Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Wie versteht man Risiken und Unsicherheiten? [How to understand risks and uncertainty]. HNO-Informationen, 4, 287-294.

Gigerenzer, G., & Gigerenzer, T. (2005). Is the ultimatum game a three-body affair? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 823-824.
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Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., Van den Broek, E., Fasolo, B., & Katsikopoulos, K. V. (2005). A 30% chance of rain tomorrow: How does the public understand probabilistic weather forecasts? Risk Analysis, 25, 623-629.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Kurzenhäuser, S. (2005). Fast and frugal heuristics in medical decision making. In R. Bibace, J. D. Laird, K. L. Noller, & J. Valsiner (Eds.), Science and medicine in dialogue: Thinking through particulars and universals (pp. 3-15). Westport, CT: Praeger.
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Hoffrage, U., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Die ökologische Rationalität einfacher Entscheidungs- und Urteilsheuristiken [The ecological rationality of simple decision and judgment heuristics]. In H. Siegenthaler (Ed.), Rationalität im Prozess kultureller Evolution: Rationalitätsunterstellungen als eine Bedingung der Möglichkeit substantieller Rationalität des Handelns (pp. 65-89). Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
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Hoffrage, U., Kurzenhäuser, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Understanding the results of medical tests: Why the representation of statistical information matters. In R. Bibace, J. D. Laird, K. L. Noller, & J. Valsiner (Eds.), Science and medicine in dialogue: Thinking through particulars and universals (pp. 83- 98). Westport, CT: Praeger.
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Hutchinson, J. M. C., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Connecting behavioural biologists and psychologists: Clarifying distinctions and suggestions for further work. Behavioural Processes, 69, 159-163.
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Hutchinson, J. M. C., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Simple heuristics and rules of thumb: Where psychologists and behavioural biologists might meet. Behavioural Processes, 69, 97-124.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 110-133, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Krämer, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). How to confuse with statistics or: The use and misuse of conditional probabilities. Statistical Science, 20, 223-230.
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Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., Dieckmann, A., Schooler, L. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Don’t vote against the recognition heuristic. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 2524). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
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Mata, J., Dieckmann, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Verständliche Risikokommunikation, leicht gemacht – oder: Wie man verwirrende Wahrscheinlichkeitsangaben vermeidet [Comprehensible risk communication made easy – or: how to avoid confusing probability statements]. Zeitschrift für Allgemeinmedizin, 81, 537-541.
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Raab, M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2005). Intelligence as smart heuristics. In R. J. Sternberg & J. E. Pretz (Eds.), Cognition and intelligence: Identifying the mechanisms of the mind (pp. 188-207). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
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2004

Baumert, J., Gigerenzer, G., & Martignon, L. (2004). Einleitung [zum Themenheft Stochastisches Denken]. Unterrichtswissenschaft, 32, 3.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2004). Dread risk, September 11, and fatal traffic accidents. Psychological Science, 15, 286-287.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2004). Die Evolution des statistischen Denkens [The evolution of statistical thinking]. Unterrichtswissenschaft, 32, 4-22.
(Reprinted in Stochastik in der Schule, 24, 2004, 2-13)
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Gigerenzer, G. (2004). Fast and frugal heuristics: The tools of bounded rationality. In D. Koehler & N. Harvey (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of judgment and decision making (pp. 62-88). Malden: Blackwell.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2004). The irrationality paradox. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 336-338.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2004). Mindless statistics. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 33, 587-606.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2004). Striking a blow for sanity in theories of rationality. In M. Augier & J. G. March (Eds.), Models of a man: Essays in memory of Herbert A. Simon (pp. 389-409). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Gigerenzer, G., Krauss, S., & Vitouch, O. (2004). The null ritual: What you always wanted to know about significance testing but were afraid to ask. In D. Kaplan (Ed.), The Sage handbook of quantitative methodology for the social sciences (pp. 391-408). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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Hoffrage, U., & Gigerenzer, G. (2004). How to improve the diagnostic inferences of medical experts. In E. Kurz-Milcke & G. Gigerenzer (Eds.), Experts in science and society (pp. 249-268). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
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Kurz-Milcke, E. M., Gigerenzer, G., & Hoffrage, U. (2004). Representations of uncertainty and change: Three case studies with experts. In K. Smith, J. Shanteau, & P. Johnson (Eds.), Psychological investigations of competence in decision making (pp. 188-225). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
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Marsh, B., Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2004). Cognitive heuristics: Reasoning the fast and frugal way. In J. P. Leighton & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), The nature of reasoning (pp. 273-287). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
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2003

Gigerenzer, G. (2003). The adaptive toolbox and life span development: Common questions? In U. M. Staudinger & U. Lindenberger (Eds.), Understanding human development: Dialogues with lifespan psychology (pp. 423-435). Boston: Kluwer.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2003). Where do new ideas come from? A heuristics of discovery in the cognitive sciences. In M. C. Galavotti (Ed.), Observation and experiment in the natural and social sciences (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science No. 232) (pp. 99-139). Dordrecht: Kluwer.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2003). Why does framing influence judgement? Journal of General Internal Medicine, 18, 960-961.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2003). Wie kommuniziert man Risiken? [How to communicate risks]. Gen-ethischer Informationsdienst, 161, 6-8.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Edwards, A. (2003). Simple tools for understanding risks: From innumeracy to insight. BMJ, 327, 741-744.
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Gigerenzer, G., & McElreath, R. (2003). Social intelligence in games: Comment. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 159, 188-194.
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Lindsey, S., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2003). Communicating statistical DNA evidence. Jurimetrics: The Journal of Law, Science, and Technology [ISSN 0897-1277], 43, 147-163.
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Lui, Y., Gigerenzer, G., & Todd, P. M. (2003). Fast and frugal heuristics: Simple decision rules based on bounded and ecological rationality [Chinese translation]. Chinese Journal of Psychological Science, 26, 56-60.

Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2003). Bounding rationality to the world. Journal of Economic Psychology, 24, 143-165.
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2002

Gigerenzer, G. (2002). In the year 2054: Innumeracy defeated. In P. Sedlmeier & T. Betsch (Eds.), Etc.: Frequency processing and cognition (pp. 55-66). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2002). Intelligente Heuristiken: Rationalität aus darwinistischer Sicht [Intelligent heuristics: Rationality from a Darwinistic perspective]. In C. Engel, J. Halfmann, & M. Schulte (Eds.), Wissen – Nichtwissen – Unsicheres Wissen (Common Goods No. 8) (pp. 161-189). Baden-Baden: Nomos-Verlagsgesellschaft.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2002). Wie kommuniziert man Risiken? [How to communicate risks]. Fortschritt und Fortbildung in der Medizin, 26, 13-22.
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2002). Models of ecological rationality: The recognition heuristic. Psychological Review, 109, 75-90.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 60-81, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (2002). „Models of ecological rationality: The recognition heuristic“. Clarification on Goldstein and Gigerenzer (2002). Psychological Review, 109, 645.
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Hoffrage, U., Gigerenzer, G., Krauss, S., & Martignon, L. (2002). Representation facilitates reasoning: What natural frequencies are and what they are not. Cognition, 84, 343-352.
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2001

Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Adaptive styles of decision making: The fast and frugal way. In DaimlerChrysler AG (Ed.), Lifelong learning: Navigating corporations into the age of the incomplete mind. The Berlin Seminar 2001 (pp. 10-14). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler.

Gigerenzer, G. (2001). The adaptive toolbox. In G. Gigerenzer, & R. Selten (Eds.), Bounded rationality: The adaptive toolbox. Dahlem Workshop Report (pp. 37-50). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (2001). The adaptive toolbox: Toward a Darwinian rationality. In J. A. French, A. C. Kamil, & D.W. Leger (Eds.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 47. Evolutionary psychology and motivation (pp. 113-143). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
(Reprinted in Psychology at the turn of the millennium: Vol. 1. Cognitive, biological, and health perspectives, pp. 481-505, by L. Bäckman & C. von Hofsten, Eds., 2002, Hove, UK: Psychology Press)

Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Are we losing control? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 408-409.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Content-blind norms, no norms, or good norms? A reply to Vranas. Cognition, 81, 93-103.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Decision making: Nonrational theories. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 5, pp. 3304-3309). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Digital computer: Impact on the social sciences. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 6, pp. 3684-3688). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Ideas in exile: The struggles of an upright man. In K. R. Hammond & T. R. Stewart (Eds.), The essential Brunswik: Beginnings, explications, applications (pp. 445-452). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Der unmündige Patient [The uninformed patient]. In K. M. Michel, I. Karsunke, & T. Spengler (Eds.), Der laufende Schwachsinn (Kursbuch No. 145) (pp. 132-144). Berlin: Rowohlt.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Krauss, S. (2001). Statistisches Denken oder statistische Rituale: Was sollte man unterrichten? [Statistical thinking or statistical rituals: How should we teach?]. In M. Borovcnik, J. Engel, & D. Wickmann (Eds.), Anregungen zum Stochastikunterricht: Die NTCM-Standards 2000. Klassische und Bayessche Sichtweise im Vergleich (pp. 53-62). Hildesheim: Franzbecker.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Kurz, E. M. (2001). Vicarious functioning reconsidered: A fast and frugal lens model. In K. R. Hammond & T. R. Stewart (Eds.), The essential Brunswik: Beginnings, explications, applications (pp. 342-347). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Selten, R. (2001). Rethinking rationality. In G. Gigerenzer, & R. Selten (Eds.), Bounded rationality: The adaptive toolbox. Dahlem Workshop Report (pp. 1-12). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Goldstein, D. G., Gigerenzer, G., Hogarth, R. M., Kacelnik, A., Kareev, Y., Klein, G., Martignon, L., Payne, J. W., & Schlag, K. H. (2001). Why and when do simple heuristics work? In G. Gigerenzer & R. Selten (Eds.), Bounded rationality: The adaptive toolbox. Dahlem Workshop Report (pp. 173-190). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Henrich, J., Albers, W., Boyd, R., Gigerenzer, G., McCabe, K. A., Ockenfels, A., et al. (2001). What is the role of culture in bounded rationality? In G. Gigerenzer & R. Selten (Eds.), Bounded rationality: The adaptive toolbox. Dahlem Workshop Report (pp. 343-359). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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Hoffrage, U., Kurzenhäuser, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Positive Mammographie = Brustkrebs? Von den Schwierigkeiten im Umgang mit statistischen Informationen [Positive mammography = breast cancer? The difficulties of understanding statistical information]. Schweizer Zeitschrift für Managed Care und Care Management, 3, 22-25.
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Hoffrage, U., Lindsey, S., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Statistics: What seems natural? [Response]. Science, 292(5518), 853-855. doi:10.1126/science.292.5518.853c
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Sedlmeier, P., & Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Teaching Bayesian reasoning in less than two hours. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 380-400.
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Putting naturalistic decision making into the adaptive toolbox [Review of the article Taking stock of naturalistic decision making]. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 14, 381-383.
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2001). Shepard’s mirrors or Simon’s scissors? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 704-705.
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2000

Hoffrage, U., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Hindsight bias: A by-product of knowledge updating? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 566-581.
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 223-241, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
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Hoffrage, U., Kurzenhäuser, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Wie kann man die Bedeutung medizinischer Testbefunde besser verstehen und kommunizieren? [How to better understand and communicate medical test results]. Zeitschrift für ärztliche Fortbildung und Qualitätssicherung, 94, 713-719.
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Hoffrage, U., Lindsey, S., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Communicating statistical information. Science, 290, 2261-2262.
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Sedlmeier, P., & Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Was Bernoulli wrong? On intuitions about sample size. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 13, 133-139.
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Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., & the ABC Research Group. (2000). How can we open up the adaptive toolbox? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 767-780.

Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Précis of Simple heuristics that make us smart. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 727-741.
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1999

Borges, B., Goldstein, D. G., Ortmann, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (1999). Can ignorance beat the stock market? In G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, & the ABC Research Group., Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 59-72). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Czerlinski, J., Gigerenzer, G., & Goldstein, D. G. (1999). How good are simple heuristics? In G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, & the ABC Research Group., Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 97-118). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Ehrenreich, H., Rinn, T., Kunert, H. J., Moeller, M. R., Poser, W., Schilling, L., Gigerenzer, G., & Hoehe, M. R. (1999). Specific attentional dysfunctions in adults following early start of cannabis use. Psychopharmacology, 142, 295-301.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1999). Einfluß statt Anpassung: Ein Kommentar zur Internationalisierung der APA-Zeitschriften [Influence rather than conformity: A commentary on the internationalization of APA journals]. Psychologische Rundschau, 50, 111-113.

Gigerenzer, G. (1999). Mentale Fakultäten, methodische Rituale und andere Stolpersteine [Mental faculties, methodological rituals, and other stumbling blocks]. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 207, 287-297.

Gigerenzer, G., Czerlinski, J., & Martignon, L. (1999). How good are fast and frugal heuristics? In J. Shanteau, B. Mellers, & D. Schum (Eds.), Decision science and technology: Reflections on the contributions of Ward Edwards (pp. 81-103). Boston: Kluwer.
(Reprinted in Common sense, reasoning, and rationality, pp. 148-173, by R. Elio, Ed., 2002, Oxford: Oxford University Press)
(Reprinted in Heuristics and biases: The psychology of intuitive judgment, pp. 559-581, by T. Gilovich, D. Griffin, & D. Kahnemann, Eds., 2002, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)
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Gigerenzer, G., & Goldstein, D. G. (1999). Betting on one good reason: The Take The Best heuristic. In G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, & the ABC Research Group., Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 75-95). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Hoffrage, U. (1999). Overcoming difficulties in Bayesian reasoning: A reply to Lewis and Keren (1999) and Mellers and McGraw (1999). Psychological Review, 106, 425-430.
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Gigerenzer, G., Rösler, F., Spada, H., Amelang, M., Bierhoff, H.-W., Ferstl, R., Friederici, A. D., Gollwitzer, P. M., Hacker, W., Hahlweg, K., Heuer, H., Kluwe, R. H., Knopf, M., Markowitsch, H. J., Montada, L., Mummendey, A., Perrig, W., Prinz, W., Schneider, W., Schuler, H., Silbereisen, R. K., Strube, G., & Vaitl, D. (1999). Internationalisierung der psychologischen Forschung in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz: Sieben Empfehlungen [Internationalizing psychological research in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland: Seven recommendations]. Psychologische Rundschau, 50, 101-105.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Todd, P. M. (1999). Fast and frugal heuristics: The adaptive toolbox. In G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, & the ABC Research Group., Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 3-34). New York: Oxford University Press.
(Croatian translation: Brze i jednostavne heuristike: Adaptivna kutija s alatom. In Uvod u bihevioralnu ekonomiju, pp. 391-421, by D. Polsek & K. K. Bovan, Eds., 2014, Zagreb: Institut Drutvenih Znanosti Ivo Pilar)
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (1999). The recognition heuristic: How ignorance makes us smart. In G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, & the ABC Research Group., Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 37-58). New York: Oxford University Press.
(Croatian translation: Heuristika prepoznavanja: Kako nas neznanje cini pametnima. In Uvod u bihevioralnu ekonomiju, pp. 423-441, by D. Polsek & K. K. Bovan, Eds., 2014, Zagreb: Institut Drutvenih Znanosti Ivo Pilar)
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Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (1999). The „conjunction fallacy“ revisited: How intelligent inferences look like reasoning errors. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 12, 275-305.
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Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (1999). What we have learned (so far). In G. Gigerenzer, P. M. Todd, & the ABC Research Group., Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 357-365). New York: Oxford University Press.
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1998

Chase, V. M., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Visions of rationality. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2, 206-214.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Ecological intelligence: An adaptation for frequencies. In D. D. Cummins & C. Allen (Eds.), The evolution of mind (pp. 9-29). New York: Oxford University Press.
(Reprinted in Psychologische Beiträge, 1997, 39, 107-125)
(Reprinted in Qualitative aspects of decision making, pp. 107-125, by R. W. Scholz & A. C. Zimmer, Eds., 1997, Lengerich: Pabst)
(Translated into Chinese in Journal of Developments in Psychology, 2001, 9, 325-329)
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Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Psychological challenges for normative models. In D. M. Gabbay & P. Smets (Eds.), Handbook of defeasible reasoning and uncertainty management systems: Vol. 1. Quantified representation of uncertainty and imprecision (pp. 441-467). Dordrecht: Kluwer.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Surrogates for theories. Theory & Psychology, 8, 195-204.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1998). We need statistical thinking, not statistical rituals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 199-200.
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Gigerenzer, G., Hoffrage, U., & Ebert, A. (1998). AIDS counselling for low-risk clients. AIDS Care, 10, 197-211.
(Italian translation: Le consulenze sull‘ AIDS per persone a basso rischio. In La dimensione cognitiva dell‘ errore in medicina, pp. 185-203, by V. Crupi, G. Gensini, & M. Motterlini, Eds., 2006, Milan: Franco Angeli)
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Hoffrage, U., & Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Using natural frequencies to improve diagnostic inferences. Academic Medicine, 73, 538-540.
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Sedlmeier, P., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Are judgments of the positional frequencies of letters systematically biased due to availability? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 24, 754-770.
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1997

Gigerenzer, G. (1997). Bounded rationality: Models of fast and frugal inference. Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, 133, 201-218.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1997). Memory as knowledge-based inference: Two observations. In N. L. Stein, P. A. Ornstein, B. Tversky, & C. Brainerd (Eds.), Memory for everyday and emotional events (pp. 445-452). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Gigerenzer, G. (1997). The modularity of social intelligence. In A. Whiten & R. W. Byrne (Eds.), Machiavellian intelligence: Vol. 2. Extensions and evaluations (pp. 264-288). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Hertwig, R., Gigerenzer, G., & Hoffrage, U. (1997). The reiteration effect in hindsight bias. Psychological Review, 104, 194-202.
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Hertwig, R., Ortmann, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (1997). Deductive competence: A desert devoid of content and context [Review of the book „Rationality in reasoning“]. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 16, 102-107.
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Kummer, H., Daston, L., Gigerenzer, G., & Silk, J. B. (1997). The social intelligence hypothesis. In P. Weingart, S. D. Mitchell, P. J. Richerson, & S. Maasen (Eds.), Human by nature: Between biology and the social sciences (pp. 157-179). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Mitchell, S. D., Daston, L., Gigerenzer, G., Sesardic, N., & Sloep, P. B. (1997). The whys and hows of interdisciplinarity. In P. Weingart, S. D. Mitchell, P. J. Richerson, & S. Maasen (Eds.), Human by nature: Between biology and the social sciences (pp. 103-150). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Ortmann, A., & Gigerenzer, G. (1997). Reasoning in economics and psychology: Why social context matters. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 153, 700-710.
(Reprinted in Cognition, rationality and institutions, pp. 131-145, by M. E. Streit, U. Mummert, & D. Kiwit, Eds., 2000, Berlin: Springer)
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Sedlmeier, P., & Gigerenzer, G. (1997). Intuitions about sample size: The empirical law of large numbers. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 10, 33-51.
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1996

Gigerenzer, G. (1996). On narrow norms and vague heuristics: A reply to Kahneman and Tversky (1996). Psychological Review, 103, 592-596.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1996). The psychology of good judgment: Frequency formats and simple algorithms. Medical Decision Making, 16, 273-280.
(Reprinted in La dimensione cognitiva dell’errore in medicina [The bounded rationality of medical decision making: A cognitive approach], by V. Crupi, G. F. Gensini, & M. Motterlini, Eds., 2006, Milan: Franco Angeli)
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Gigerenzer, G. (1996). Rationality: Why social context matters. In P. B. Baltes & U. M. Staudinger (Eds.), Interactive minds: Life-span perspectives on the social foundation of cognition (pp. 319-346). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1996). Why do frequency formats improve Bayesian reasoning? Cognitive algorithms work on information, which needs representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 19, 23-24.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Goldstein, D. G. (1996). Mind as computer: Birth of a metaphor. Creativity Research Journal, 9, 131-144.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Goldstein, D. G. (1996). Reasoning the fast and frugal way: Models of bounded rationality. Psychological Review, 103, 650-669.
(Reprinted in Judgement and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader, 2nd ed., pp. 621-650, by T. Connolly, H. R. Arkes, & K. Hammond, Eds., 2000, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press)
(Reprinted in The legacy of Herbert Simon in economic analysis: Vol. 1, pp. 242-262, by P. E. Earl, Ed., 2001, Cheltenham, UK: Elgar)
(Reprinted in The psychology of world equity markets: Vol. 1, pp. 218-237, by W. de Bondt, Ed., 2005, Northampton, MA: Elgar)
(Reprinted in Cognitive Science: Vol. 6, pp. 300-341, by K. E. Lamberts, Ed., 2008, London: Sage)
(Reprinted in Judgement and decision making: Vol. 3, pp. 247-283, by N. Chater, Ed., 2009, London: Sage)
(Reprinted in Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior, pp. 33-57, by G. Gigerenzer, R. Hertwig, & T. Pachur, Eds., 2011, New York: Oxford University Press)
(Reprinted in Risk: Vol. 1. Psychological – and American – Origins, pp. 149-189, by A. Burgess, Ed., 2017, London: Sage)
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Gigerenzer, G., & Regier, T. (1996). How do we tell an association from a rule? Comment on Sloman (1996). Psychological Bulletin, 119, 23-26.
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Goldstein, D. G., & Gigerenzer, G. (1996). Satisficing inference and the perks of ignorance. In G. Cottrell (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 137-141). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Hoffrage, U., & Gigerenzer, G. (1996). The impact of information representation on Bayesian reasoning. In G. Cottrell (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 126-130). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

1995

Gigerenzer, G. (1995). The taming of content: Some thoughts about domains and modules. Commentary on „Pragmatic reasoning with a point of view“ by Keith J. Holyoak and Patricia W. Cheng. Thinking & Reasoning, 1, 324-333.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Hoffrage, U. (1995). How to improve Bayesian reasoning without instruction: Frequency formats. Psychological Review, 102, 684-704.
(Excerpts reprinted in Reasoning processes in humans and computers: Theory and research in psychology and artificial intelligence, by M. Wagman, 2003, Westport, CT: Praeger)
(Reprinted in Judgement and decision making, pp. 114-153, by N. Chater, Ed., 2009, London: Sage)
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1994

Gigerenzer, G. (1994). Psychology and probability: Two sides of the same coin. In I. Grattan-Guinness (Ed.), Companion encyclopedia of the history and philosophy of the mathematical sciences (Vol. 2, pp. 1351-1356). London: Routledge.

Gigerenzer, G. (1994). Where do new ideas come from? In M. A. Boden (Ed.), Dimensions of creativity (pp. 53-74). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (1994). Why the distinction between single-event probabilities and frequencies is important for psychology (and vice versa). In G. Wright & P. Ayton (Eds.), Subjective probability (pp. 129-161). Chichester: Wiley.
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Keul, A., Gigerenzer, G., & Stroebe, W. (1994). Publikationen in internationalen Zeitschriften: Ein Nachwort zur SSCI-Analyse [Publications in international journals: An afterword on the SSCI analysis]. Psychologische Rundschau, 45, 111-113.
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1993

Gigerenzer, G. (1993). The bounded rationality of probabilistic mental models. In K. I. Manktelow & D. E. Over (Eds.), Rationality: Psychological and philosophical perspectives (pp. 284-313). London: Routledge.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1993). From metaphysics to psychophysics and statistics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 139-140.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1993). Die Repräsentation von Information und ihre Auswirkung auf statistisches Denken [The representation of information and its effect on statistical thinking]. In W. Hell, K. Fiedler, & G. Gigerenzer (Eds.), Kognitive Täuschungen: Fehl-Leistungen und Mechanismen des Urteilens, Denkens und Erinnerns (pp. 99-127). Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Gigerenzer, G. (1993). The Superego, the Ego, and the Id in statistical reasoning. In G. Keren & C. Lewis (Eds.), A handbook for data analysis in the behavioral sciences: Methodological issues (pp. 311-339). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1993). Über den mechanischen Umgang mit statistischen Methoden [The mechanical use of statistical methods]. In E. Roth & K. Heidenreich (Eds.), Sozialwissenschaftliche Methoden: Lehr- und Handbuch für Forschung und Praxis (3rd, rev. ed., pp. 607-618). München: Oldenbourg.

Keul, A., Gigerenzer, G., & Stroebe, W. (1993). Wie international ist die Psychologie in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz? Eine SSCI-Analyse [How international is psychology in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland? An SSCI analysis]. Psychologische Rundschau, 44, 259-269.
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1992

Gigerenzer, G. (1992). Discovery in cognitive psychology: New tools inspire new theories. Science in Context, 5, 329-350.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1992). [Review of the book „Representing and reasoning with probabilistic knowledge“]. The American Journal of Psychology, 105, 498-501.

Gigerenzer, G., & Hug. K. (1992). Domain-specific reasoning: Social contracts, cheating, and perspective change. Cognition, 42, 127-171.
(Reprinted in Evolutionary Psychology: Vol. 2, pp. 69-102, by S. Lindquist & N. Levy, Eds., 2010, Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing)
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1991

Gergen, K. J., & Gigerenzer, G. (1991). Cognitivism and its discontents: An introduction to the issue. Theory & Psychology, 1, 403-405.

Gigerenzer, G. (1991). Does the environment have the same structure as Bayes‘ theorem? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 14, 495-496.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1991). From tools to theories: A heuristic of discovery in cognitive psychology. Psychological Review, 98, 254-267.
(Italian translation: Dagli strumenti alle teorie: Un‘ euristica della scoperta scientifica in psicologia cognitiva. Nuova Civilta delle Macchine, 1992, 10, 38-60)
(Reprinted in Historical dimensions of psychological discourse, pp. 336-359, by C. F. Grauman & K. J. Gergen, Eds., 1996, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press)
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Gigerenzer, G. (1991). How to make cognitive illusions disappear: Beyond „heuristics and biases“. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European Review of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 83-115). Chichester: Wiley.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1991). On cognitive illusions and rationality. In E. Eells & T. Maruszewski (Eds.), Probability and rationality: Studies on L. Jonathan Cohen’s philosophy of science (Poznan studies in the philosophy of the sciences and the humanities No. 21) (pp. 225-249). Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Gigerenzer, G., Hoffrage, U., & Kleinbölting, H. (1991). Probabilistic mental models: A Brunswikian theory of confidence. Psychological Review, 98, 506-528.
(Reprinted in Research on judgement and decision making: Current, connections, and controversies, pp. 95-143, by W. M. Goldstein & R. M. Hogarth, Eds., 1996, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press)
(Reprinted in Cognitive psychology in the three last decades of the 20th century, by Z. Chlewinski, Ed., 2007, Gdansk, Poland: GWP)
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1990

Gigerenzer, G. (1990). Strong AI and the problem of „second-order“ algorithms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 663-664.
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Gigerenzer, G., & Richter, H. R. (1990). Context effects and their interaction with development: Area judgments. Cognitive Development, 5, 235-264.
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1989

Daston, L., & Gigerenzer, G. (1989). The problem of irrationality [Review of the book „Patterns, thinking, and cognition“]. Science, 244, 1094-1095.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1989). A general algorithm for pattern recognition? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 764-765.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1989). Kognitive Prozesse und Werkzeug-Metaphern: Antwort auf Jungermann & Wiedemann und Schulz [Cognitive processes and tool metaphors: A reply to Jungermann & Wiedemann and Schulz]. Psychologische Rundschau, 40, 33-35.

Gigerenzer, G. (1989). The tools-to-theories hypothesis: On the art of theory construction in cognitive psychology. In J. A. Keats, R. Taft, R. A. Heath, & S. H. Lovibond (Eds.), Proceedings of the XXIV International Congress of Psychology of the International Union of Psychological Science (I.U.Psy.S.) Sydney, Australia, August 28-September 2, 1988: Vol. 4. Mathematical and theoretical systems (pp. 163-171). Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Sedlmeier, P., & Gigerenzer, G. (1989). Do studies of statistical power have an effect on the power of studies? Psychological Bulletin, 105, 309-316.
(Reprinted in Methodological issues & strategies in clinical research, pp. 389-406, by A. E. Kazdin, Ed., 1993, Washington, DC: American Psychological Association)
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1988

Bruhn, H., & Gigerenzer, G. (1988). Multidimensionale Ähnlichkeitsstrukturanalyse (MDS) in der Musikpädagogik [Multidimensional similarity structure analysis in the psychology of music]. In G. Kleinen (Ed.), Musikpädagogische Forschung: Jahrbuch: Vol. 8. Außerschulische Musikerziehung (pp. 235-250). Laaber: Laaber-Verlag.

Gigerenzer, G. (1988). Woher kommen Theorien über kognitive Prozesse? [Where do theories of cognitive processes come from?]. Psychologische Rundschau, 39, 91-100.
(Reprinted in Die Psychologie und die Methodenfrage, pp. 109-127, by A. Schorr, Ed., 1994, Göttingen: Hogrefe)

Gigerenzer, G., Hell, W., & Blank, H. (1988). Presentation and content: The use of base rates as a continuous variable. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 14, 513-525.
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Hell, W., Gigerenzer, G., Gauggel, S., Mall, M., & Müller, M. (1988). Hindsight bias: An interaction of automatic and motivational factors? Memory & Cognition, 16, 533-538.
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1987

Gigerenzer, G. (1987). Das Portrait des Schülers im Übertrittsgutachten [The portrait of the pupil in teachers‘ evaluations]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 18, 191-208.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1987). Probabilistic thinking and the fight against subjectivity. In L. Krüger, G. Gigerenzer, & M. S. Morgan (Eds.), The probabilistic revolution: Vol. 2. Ideas in the sciences (pp. 11-33). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (1987). Survival of the fittest probabilist: Brunswik, Thurstone, and the two disciplines of psychology. In L. Krüger, G. Gigerenzer, & M. S. Morgan (Eds.), The probabilistic revolution: Vol. 2. Ideas in the sciences (pp. 49-72). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gigerenzer, G. (1987). The probabilistic revolution in psychology: An overview. In L. Krüger, G. Gigerenzer, & M. S. Morgan (Eds.), The probabilistic revolution: Vol. 2. Ideas in the sciences (pp. 7-9). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

1986

Gigerenzer, G. (1986). Wissenschaftliche Erkenntnis und die Funktion der Inferenzstatistik: Anmerkungen zu E. Leiser [Scientific recognition and the role of inference statistics. Comment on E. Leise]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 17, 183-189.

Gigerenzer, G., & Hell, W. (1986). [Review of the book Continuity and change in art: The development of modes in representation]. Annals of Science, 43, 310-312.

1985

Gigerenzer, G. (1985). Messung und Modellbildung [Measurement and modeling]. In H. Bruhn, R. Oerter, & H. Rösing (Eds.), Musikpsychologie: Ein Handbuch in Schlüsselbegriffen (pp. 485-494). Munich: Urban & Schwarzenberg.

Gigerenzer, G. (1985). Räumliche Darstellung musikalischer Reize [Spatial representation of musical stimuli]. In H. Bruhn, R. Oerter, & H. Rösing (Eds.), Musikpsychologie: Ein Handbuch in Schlüsselbegriffen (pp. 509-513). Munich: Urban & Schwarzenberg.

Gigerenzer, G. (1985). Der Repertory-Test [The repertory test]. In H. Bruhn, R. Oerter, & H. Rösing (Eds.), Musikpsychologie: Ein Handbuch in Schlüsselbegriffen (pp. 524-529). Munich: Urban & Schwarzenberg.

1984

Bredenkamp, J., & Gigerenzer, G. (1984). Einführung: Einige Gedanken zur Kontextabhängigkeit der Wahrnehmung und des Urteils [Introduction: Thoughts on the contextuality of perception and judgment]. Psychologische Beiträge, 26, 91-101.

Gigerenzer, G. (1984). External validity of laboratory experiments: The frequency-validity relationship. The American Journal of Psychology, 97, 185-195.

Gigerenzer, G. (1984). Läßt sich die Flächenwahrnehmung als „kognitive Algebra“ beschreiben? [Can perception of area be described as „cognitive algebra“?]. Psychologische Beiträge, 26, 113-119.

Gigerenzer, G. (1984). Messung, Modellbildung und die „kognitive Wende“ [Measurement, modeling, and the „cognitive revolution“]. In M. Amelang & H.-J. Ahrens (Eds.), Brennpunkte der Persönlichkeitsforschung (Vol. 1, pp. 49-65). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Gigerenzer, G. (1984). Probabilidade e psicologia [Probability and psychology]. Jornal de Psicologia, 3, 3-10.

Gigerenzer, G., & Bredenkamp, J. (Eds.). (1984). Psychophysik heute: Aktuelle Probleme und Ergebnisse II [Psychophysics today: Current problems and results II]. Psychologische Beiträge, 26, 89-157.

Richter, H. R., & Gigerenzer, G. (1984). Erste Ergebnisse einer Längsschnitt-Studie zur Entwicklung der Flächenwahrnehmung [First results of a longitudinal study on the development of area perception]. Psychologische Beiträge, 26, 654-658.

1983

Gigerenzer, G. (1983). Informationsintegration bei Kindern: Eine Erwiderung auf Wilkening [Children’s integration of information: A reply to Wilkening]. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 15, 216-221.

Gigerenzer, G. (1983). Interpretations of variability in the history of psychology. In M. Heidelberger, L. Krüger, & R. Rheinwald (Eds.), Probability since 1800: Interdisciplinary studies of scientific development. Workshop at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research of the University of Bielefeld, September 16-20, 1982 (Report Wirtschaftsforschung No. 25) (pp. 247-258). Bielefeld: B. Kleine.

Gigerenzer, G. (1983). Über die Anwendung der Informations-Integrations-Theorie auf entwicklungspsychologische Problemstellungen: Eine Kritik [The application of information integration theory to developmental psychological problems: A critique]. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 15, 101-120.

Gigerenzer, G., & Strube, G. (1983). Are there limits to binaural additivity of loudness? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 9, 126-136.
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1982

Gigerenzer, G. (1982). Alternativen zu Piagets Zentrierungshypothese und zur entwicklungspsychologischen These der „Informations-Integrations-Theorie“ [Alternatives to Piaget’s centering hypothesis and to the development psychological thesis of information integration theory]. In R. Oerter (Ed.), Bericht über die 5. Tagung Entwicklungspsychologie: Augsburg, 21.-23.09.1981: Vol. 1. Grundlagenorientierte Forschung (pp. 99-101). Augsburg: Universität.

Gigerenzer, G. (1982). Der eindimensionale Wähler [The one-dimensional voter]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 13, 217-236.
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Gigerenzer, G. (1982). On the role of probability in psychology: L. L. Thurstone’s solution to the problem of measurement and its impact on psychological research today. In M. Heidelberger & L. Krüger (Eds.), Probability and conceptual change in scientific thought: Workshop at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research of the University of Bielefeld, July 2-5, 1981 (pp. 129-139). Bielefeld: B. Kleine.

Gigerenzer, G., & Sarris, V. (Eds.). (1982). Psychophysik heute: Aktuelle Probleme und Ergebnisse [Psychophysics today: Current problems and results]. Psychologische Beiträge, 24, 313-351.

Gigerenzer, G., & Strube, G. (1982). Axiomatische Analyse der Binauralen Additivität [Axiomatic analysis of binaural additivity]. Psychologische Beiträge, 24, 326-329.

Sarris, V., & Gigerenzer, G. (1982). Einführung: Modell- und meßtheoretische Aspekte der Psychophysik [Introduction: Theoretical modeling and measurements of psychophysics]. Psychologische Beiträge, 24, 315-321.

Sulz, K. D., & Gigerenzer, G. (1982). Psychiatrische Diagnose und nosologische Theorie: Untersuchungen zum individuellen Diagnoseschema des Arztes [Psychiatric diagnosis and nosological theory: Investigations of doctors‘ individual diagnostic schemes]. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 232, 39-51.

Sulz, K. D., & Gigerenzer, G. (1982). Über die Beeinflussung psychiatrischer Diagnoseschemata durch implizite nosologische Theorien [The influence of implicit nosological theories on psychiatric diagnostic schemes]. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 232, 5-14.

1981

Gigerenzer, G. (1981). Analyse einer Analyse des Urteilsprozesses bei der Personenbeschreibung [Analysis of an analysis of the judgment process in describing persons]. Zeitschrift für Soziologie, 10, 192-195.

Gigerenzer, G. (1981). Implizite Persönlichkeitstheorien oder quasi-implizite Persönlichkeitstheorien? Eine Begriffsklärung und eine Validitätsstudie zu individuellen impliziten Theorien [Implicit personality theories or quasi-implicit personality theories? A concept clarification and a validity study on individual implicit theories]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 12, 65-80.

1978

Gigerenzer, G. (1978). Artefakte in der dimensionsanalytischen Erfassung von Urteilsstrukturen [Artefacts in the multidimensional scaling of judgment structures]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 9, 110-116.

Gigerenzer, G., & Strube, G. (1978). Zur Revision der üblichen Anwendung dimensionsanalytischer Verfahren [Revising the common application of multidimensional scaling]. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 10, 75-86.

1977

Gigerenzer, G. (1977). Mathematische Methoden zur Klassifikation von Personen [Mathematical methods for classifying persons]. In G. Strube (Ed.), Die Psychologie des 20. Jahrhunderts: Vol. 5. Binet und die Folgen (pp. 738-759). Zürich: Kindler.

Gigerenzer, G. (1977). Nichtmetrische Dimensionsanalyse [Nonmetric multidimensional scaling]. In G. Strube (Ed.), Die Psychologie des 20. Jahrhunderts: Vol. 5. Binet und die Folgen (pp. 713-737). Zürich: Kindler.

 

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